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Hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus infections: risk factors among drug users in Northwest England.
OBJECTIVES to identify the risk factors for hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV) virus infections in drug users attending two drug treatment centres in Northwest England, and to evaluate theExpand
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Multiple norovirus genotypes characterised from an oyster-associated outbreak of gastroenteritis.
The diversity of norovirus (NV) genotypes was investigated in persons who were ill with acute gastroenteritis associated with the consumption of oysters. Initial results from a commercial enzymeExpand
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Immune response to pneumococcal conjugate vaccination in asplenic individuals
Asplenic individuals are at increased risk of infection with Streptococcus pneumoniae. The immune response to pneumococcal conjugate vaccine has not been investigated in this clinical risk group. WeExpand
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Large outbreak of infection with Escherichia coli O157 PT21/28 in Eccleston, Lancashire, due to cross contamination at a butcher's counter.
An outbreak of infection with Escherichia coli O157 Phage Type 21/28 occurred between the 23rd November 2001 and the 7th December 2001 in Eccleston, Lancashire. There were 30 confirmed cases (23 withExpand
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Hepatitis G virus infection in drug users in Liverpool.
OBJECTIVES To establish the prevalence of hepatitis G (HGV) in drug users in Liverpool; to explore the risk factors for, and the effects of, HGV infection. METHODS Serum samples from 129 drug usersExpand
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Surveillance of giardiasis in Northwest England 1996-2006: impact of an enzyme immunoassay test.
The incidence of giardiasis in Central Lancashire increased following the introduction of a sensitive enzyme immunoassay diagnostic test in November 2002. We compared the epidemiological trends forExpand
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Detecting tuberculosis in new arrivals to UK
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Increasing HIV testing in general practice: brief advice seems to work
Sir: The 2008 UK national guidelines on HIV testing have highlighted the need for more widespread testing for HIV. It is well recognized that although significant morbidity and mortality arises fromExpand
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An immunisation clinic: care, comfort and convenience
Child immunisation is predominantly provided in primary care by health visitors, practice nurses and general practitioners. Immunisation queries are dealt with in several ways depending on localExpand
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