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Parasitology meets ecology on its own terms: Margolis et al. revisited.
TLDR
Suggestions for various terms used by parasitologists when describing the ecology of parasites are provided in an attempt to foster consistent use and to make terms used in parasite ecology easier to interpret for those who study free-living organisms.
The ecology of climate change and infectious diseases.
TLDR
While initial projections suggested dramatic future increases in the geographic range of infectious diseases, recent models predict range shifts in disease distributions, with little net increase in area.
Introduced species and their missing parasites
TLDR
The number of parasite species found in native populations is twice that found in exotic populations, and introduced populations are less heavily parasitized than are native populations.
Decadal trends in marine reserves reveal differential rates of change in direct and indirect effects
TLDR
Populations of directly targeted species were more stable in reserves than in fished areas, suggesting increased ecologic resilience, an important benefit of marine reserves with respect to their function as a tool for conservation and restoration.
ECOLOGICAL CRITERIA FOR EVALUATING CANDIDATE SITES FOR MARINE RESERVES
Several schemes have been developed to help select the locations of marine reserves. All of them combine social, economic, and biological criteria, and few offer any guidance as to how to prioritize
Applying ecological criteria to marine reserve design: A case study from the california channel islands
Using ecological criteria as a theoretical framework, we describe the steps involved in designing a network of marine reserves for conservation and fisheries man- agement. Although we describe the
Keeping the herds healthy and alert: implications of predator control for infectious disease
TLDR
This work develops models for microparasitic and macroparAsitic infection that specify the conditions where predator removal will increase the incidence of parasitic infection, reduce the number of healthy individuals in the prey population and decrease the overall size of the predator population.
APPLICATION OF ECOLOGICAL CRITERIA IN SELECTING MARINE RESERVES AND DEVELOPING RESERVE NETWORKS
Marine reserves are being established worldwide in response to a growing recognition of the conservation crisis that is building in the oceans. However, designation of reserves has been largely
Optimal temperature for malaria transmission is dramatically lower than previously predicted.
TLDR
A model with more realistic ecological assumptions about the thermal physiology of insects is built, which predicts optimal malaria transmission at 25 °C (6-°C lower than previous models), and predicts that transmission decreases dramatically at temperatures > 28 ° C, altering predictions about how climate change will affect malaria.
FISHING FOR LOBSTERS INDIRECTLY INCREASES EPIDEMICS IN SEA URCHINS
TLDR
The results indicate how fishing top predators can indirectly favor disease transmission in prey populations by reducing the urchin population at a site to the density that predators previously did.
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