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The Paleozoic Origin of Enzymatic Lignin Decomposition Reconstructed from 31 Fungal Genomes
Comparative analyses of 31 fungal genomes suggest that lignin-degrading peroxidases expanded in the lineage leading to the ancestor of the Agaricomycetes, which is reconstructed as a white rot species, and then contracted in parallel lineages leading to brown rot and mycorrhizal species.
Genome Sequence of Aedes aegypti, a Major Arbovirus Vector
An increase in genes encoding odorant binding, cytochrome P450, and cuticle domains relative to An.
Diverse Lifestyles and Strategies of Plant Pathogenesis Encoded in the Genomes of Eighteen Dothideomycetes Fungi
The 18 Dothideomycetes offer an extensive catalogue of genes involved in cellulose degradation, proteolysis, secondary metabolism, and cysteine-rich small secreted proteins, suggesting faster evolution because of the effects of repeat induced point (RIP) mutations.
Convergent losses of decay mechanisms and rapid turnover of symbiosis genes in mycorrhizal mutualists
Convergent evolution of the mycorrhizal habit in fungi occurred via the repeated evolution of a 'symbiosis toolkit', with reduced numbers of PCWDEs and lineage-specific suites of myCorrhiza-induced genes.
Extensive sampling of basidiomycete genomes demonstrates inadequacy of the white-rot/brown-rot paradigm for wood decay fungi
- R. Riley, A. Salamov, I. Grigoriev
- BiologyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 23 June 2014
The results indicate that the prevailing paradigm of white rot vs. brown rot does not capture the diversity of fungal wood decay mechanisms, and suggest a continuum rather than a dichotomy between the white-rot and brown-rot modes of wood decay.
Comparative Genome Structure, Secondary Metabolite, and Effector Coding Capacity across Cochliobolus Pathogens
The genomes of five Cochliobolus heterostrophus strains, two Cochliobolus sativus strains, three additional Cochliobolus species (Cochliobolus victoriae, Cochliobolus carbonum, Cochliobolus…
Widespread adenine N6-methylation of active genes in fungi
Using single-molecule long-read sequencing of 16 diverse fungal genomes, it is observed that up to 2.8% of all adenines were methylated in early-diverging fungi, far exceeding levels observed in other eukaryotes and more derived fungi.
Phylogenomic Analyses Indicate that Early Fungi Evolved Digesting Cell Walls of Algal Ancestors of Land Plants
Shared pectinases of Dikarya and Gonapodya provide evidence that even ancient aquatic fungi had adapted to extract nutrients from the plants in the green lineage, and imply the geological timing of the plant–fungus association is 750 million years old.
The Plant Cell Wall–Decomposing Machinery Underlies the Functional Diversity of Forest Fungi
Fungal nutritional mode diversification suggests that the boreal forest biome originated via genetic coevolution of above- and below-ground biota through convergent evolution and divergence among fungal decomposers.
Comparative genomics of biotechnologically important yeasts
- R. Riley, S. Haridas, T. Jeffries
- Biology, EngineeringProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 17 August 2016
The comparative genome analysis of 29 taxonomically and biotechnologically important yeasts, including 16 newly sequenced, enables correlation of genes to useful metabolic properties and showed the synteny of the mating-type locus to be conserved over a billion years of evolution.