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National estimates of exposure to traumatic events and PTSD prevalence using DSM-IV and DSM-5 criteria.
TLDR
DSM-5 PTSD prevalence was higher among women than among men, and prevalence increased with greater traumatic event exposure, although only 2 of these differences were statistically significant.
Psychiatric disorders in pregnant and postpartum women in the United States.
TLDR
Pregnancy per se is not associated with increased risk of the most prevalent mental disorders, although the risk of major depressive disorder may be increased during the postpartum period.
The impact of institutional discrimination on psychiatric disorders in lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations: a prospective study.
TLDR
Living in states with discriminatory policies may have pernicious consequences for the mental health of LGB populations, and these findings lend scientific support to recent efforts to overturn these policies.
Association of State Recreational Marijuana Laws With Adolescent Marijuana Use
TLDR
Investment in evidence-based adolescent substance use prevention programs in any additional states that may legalize recreational marijuana use is suggested, as perceived harmfulness of marijuana use decreased and marijuana use increased following legalization of recreationalarijuana use in Washington.
Adolescent marijuana use from 2002 to 2008: higher in states with medical marijuana laws, cause still unclear.
TLDR
The most likely of several possible explanations for higher adolescent marijuana use and lower perceptions of risk in MML states cannot be determined from the current study, but results clearly suggest the need for more empirically-based research on this topic.
Understanding the rural-urban differences in nonmedical prescription opioid use and abuse in the United States.
Nonmedical prescription opioid misuse remains a growing public problem in need of action and is concentrated in areas of US states with large rural populations such as Kentucky, West Virginia,
An invariant dimensional liability model of gender differences in mental disorder prevalence: evidence from a national sample.
TLDR
This work investigated patterns of disorder comorbidity and found that a dimensional internalizing-externalizing liability model fit the data well, indicating that observed gender differences in prevalence rates originate from women and men's different average standings on latent internalizing and externalizing liability dimensions.
Evidence for a closing gender gap in alcohol use, abuse, and dependence in the United States population.
TLDR
It is suggested that gender differences in the prevalence of all four outcomes are decreasing in younger age cohorts, consistent with a cohort effect.
Childhood maltreatment and the structure of common psychiatric disorders
TLDR
The association between childhood maltreatment and common psychiatric disorders operates through latent liabilities to experience internalising and externalising psychopathology, indicating that the prevention of maltreatment may have a wide range of benefits in reducing the prevalence of many common mental disorders.
Stigma and treatment for alcohol disorders in the United States.
TLDR
A link between highly stigmatized views of alcoholism and lack of services suggests that stigma reduction should be integrated into public health efforts to promote alcohol treatment.
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