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L-arabinose selectively inhibits intestinal sucrase in an uncompetitive manner and suppresses glycemic response after sucrose ingestion in animals.
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of L-arabinose on intestinal alpha-glucosidase activities in vitro and to evaluate its effects on postprandial glycemic responses in vivo.Expand
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Intracisternal PYY increases gastric mucosal resistance: role of cholinergic, CGRP, and NO pathways.
The influence of intracisternal injection of peptide YY (PYY) on gastric lesions induced by ethanol was studied in urethan-anesthetized rats. Gastric lesions covered 15-22% of the corpus as monitoredExpand
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Urethane-induced somatostatin mediated inhibition of gastric acid: reversal by the somatostatin 2 receptor antagonist, PRL-2903.
Urethane increases the release of somatostatin (SRIF) which inhibits gastric acid secretion. The SRIF monoclonal antibody, CURE.S6 and the novel sst2 antagonist, PRL-2903 injected intravenously atExpand
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Calcitonin gene-related peptide affords gastric mucosal protection by activating potassium channel in Wistar rat.
BACKGROUND & AIMS Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) protects the gastric mucosa against injurious stimuli in various experimental models. The underlying mechanism could be the increase inExpand
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Intracisternal PYY increases gastric mucosal resistance: role of cholinergic, CGRP, and NO pathways.
The influence of intracisternal injection of peptide YY (PYY) on gastric lesions induced by ethanol was studied in urethan-anesthetized rats. Gastric lesions covered 15-22% of the corpus as monitoredExpand
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Gastroprotective and vasodilatory effects of epidermal growth factor: the role of sensory afferent neurons.
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) has been shown to exert gastric hyperemic and gastroprotective effects via capsaicin-sensitive afferent neurons, including the release of calcitonin gene-related peptideExpand
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Gastric protective effect of peripheral PYY through PYY preferring receptors in anesthetized rats.
The influence of intravenous peptide YY (PYY) on the gastric injury induced by 45% ethanol was investigated in urethane-anesthetized rats. PYY (25, 75, 125, and 250 pmol x kg(-1) x h(-1))Expand
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Peripheral PYY inhibits intracisternal TRH-induced gastric acid secretion by acting in the brain.
The site of action of peripheral peptide YY (PYY)-induced inhibition of vagally stimulated gastric acid secretion was studied using immunoneutralization with PYY antibody in urethan-anesthetizedExpand
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Intracisternal PYY inhibits gastric lesions induced by ethanol in rats: role of PYY-preferring receptors?
We previously reported that intracisternal (i.c.) injection of peptide YY (PYY) and low doses of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) or TRH analog, RX 77368, increased the resistance of the gastricExpand
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Kainic acid into the parapyramidal region protects against gastric injury by ethanol.
Neurons in the parapyramidal region of the ventral medulla project to the dorsal vagal complex and intermediolateral column. Kainic acid (0.5-5.0 ng) microinjected unilaterally into the parapyramidalExpand
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