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Outcomes from pandemic influenza A H1N1 infection in recipients of solid-organ transplants: a multicentre cohort study.
TLDR
Children who received transplants were less likely to present with pneumonia than adults, but rates of admission to hospital and ICU were similar, and starting antiviral therapy early is associated with clinical benefit as measured by need for ICU admission and mechanical ventilation. Expand
Urinary Tract Infections in Solid Organ Transplantation
TLDR
A periodic review of infections in transplant recipients is essential because the pattern of infections change continually due to evolving donor–recipient characteristics, surgical techniques and immunosuppression regimens. Expand
Characterization of a Daptomycin-Nonsusceptible Vancomycin-Intermediate Staphylococcus aureus Strain in a Patient with Endocarditis
TLDR
The daptomycin-nonsusceptible VISA's cell wall demonstrated a reduction in muramic acid O-acetylation, a phenotypic parameter not previously reported for VISA; some isolates also contained a single point mutation in the mprF gene. Expand
Vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in the absence of vancomycin exposure.
TLDR
This case illustrates that recent exposure by patients to vancomycin is not necessary for development of vanA-containing VRSA, and it is essential that microbiology laboratories adequately test for vancomYcin-resistance in S. aureus. Expand
Risk of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus surgical site infection in patients with nasal MRSA colonization.
TLDR
Surgical patients with a positive nasal MRSA PCR screen had a 9-fold greater odds of developing a subsequent MRSA SSI compared with patients withA negative nasal MR SA PCR screen, and identifying subsets of patients at greatest risk for SSI may help target decolonization and other interventions. Expand
Widespread West Nile virus activity, eastern United States, 2000.
In 1999, the U.S. West Nile (WN) virus epidemic was preceded by widespread reports of avian deaths. In 2000, ArboNET, a cooperative WN virus surveillance system, was implemented to monitor theExpand
Hospital costs associated with surgical site infections in general and vascular surgery patients.
TLDR
Although the excess costs and DOS associated with SSIs after general and vascular surgery are somewhat less, they still represent substantial financial and opportunity costs to hospitals and suggest, along with the implications for patient care, a continuing need for cost-effective quality improvement and programs of infection prevention. Expand
Tularemia on Martha’s Vineyard: Seroprevalence and Occupational Risk
TLDR
Seropositive landscapers worked more hours per week mowing and weed-whacking and mowed more lawns per week than their seronegative counterparts and health-care workers in tularemia-endemic areas should consider Tularemia as a diagnosis for landscapers with a febrile illness. Expand
Early-Season Avian Deaths from West Nile Virus as Warnings of Human Infection
An analysis of 2001 and 2002 West Nile virus (WNV) surveillance data shows that counties that report WNV-infected dead birds early in the transmission season are more likely to report subsequent WNVExpand
Early season crow mortality as a sentinel for West Nile virus disease in humans, northeastern United States.
TLDR
With emphasis on early season WN activity, crow surveillance may allow timely targeting of interventions to protect the public health and help to predict areas at risk for human WN disease. Expand
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