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Guidelines for prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections in HIV-infected adults and adolescents: recommendations from CDC, the National Institutes of Health, and the HIV Medicine
TLDR
This report updates and combines earlier versions of guidelines for the prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections in HIV-infected adults and adolescents and adds malaria to the list of OIs that might be acquired during international travel.
Epidemiology of genital human papillomavirus infection.
TLDR
Current evidence suggests a long latency between acquisition of genital papillomavirus infection and the development of cervical malignancy, with cervical cancer generally not developing until the 5th decade and beyond.
Genital herpes simplex virus infections: clinical manifestations, course, and complications.
TLDR
The clinical course and complications of 268 patients with first episodes and 362 with recurrent episodes of genital herpes infection were reviewed, and the major concerns were the frequency of recurrences and fear of transmitting infection to partners or infants.
Prevalence of hydrogen peroxide-producing Lactobacillus species in normal women and women with bacterial vaginosis
TLDR
The production of H2O2 by Lactobacillus species may represent a nonspecific antimicrobial defense mechanism of the normal vaginal ecosystem.
Treating opportunistic infections among HIV-infected adults and adolescents: recommendations from CDC, the National Institutes of Health, and the HIV Medicine Association/Infectious Diseases Society
TLDR
These guidelines are intended for clinicians and other health-care providers who care for HIV-infected adults and adolescents, including pregnant women, and include evidence-based guidelines for treatment of 28 OIs caused by protozoa, bacteria, fungi, and viruses.
Global Health in Medical Education: A Call for More Training and Opportunities
TLDR
The authors review the evidence supporting the benefits of promoting more global health teaching and opportunities among medical students and suggest several steps that medical schools can take to meet the growing global health interest of medical students, which will make them better physicians and strengthen the medical system.
Partner reduction is crucial for balanced “ABC” approach to HIV prevention
Behaviour change programmes to prevent HIV have mainly promoted condom use or abstinence, while partner reduction remains the neglected component of ABC The key to preventing the spread of HIV,
Effectiveness of condoms in preventing sexually transmitted infections.
TLDR
These prospective studies, published since June 2000, show that condom use is associated with statistically significant protection of men and women against several other types of STIs, including chlamydial infection, gonorrhoea, herpes simplex virus type 2, and syphilis.
Effect of expedited treatment of sex partners on recurrent or persistent gonorrhea or chlamydial infection.
TLDR
Expedited treatment of sex partners reduces the rates of persistent or recurrent gonorrhea or chlamydial infection and is significantly more likely than those assigned to standard referral of partners to report that all of their partners were treated and significantly less likely to report having sex with an untreated partner.
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