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The quasi‐biennial oscillation
The quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO) dominates the variability of the equatorial stratosphere (∼16–50 km) and is easily seen as downward propagating easterly and westerly wind regimes, with aExpand
Gravity Currents in the Environment and the Laboratory
A large variety of geophysical phenomena can be considered examples of gravity currents, normally thought of as the horizontal or quasihorizontal penetration of a light fluid by a plume of denserExpand
The South Asian Summer Monsoon and Its Relationship with ENSO in the IPCC AR4 Simulations
Abstract In this paper the extensive integrations produced for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) are used to examine the relationship between ENSOExpand
Arctic Oscillation response to the 1991 Mount Pinatubo eruption: Effects of volcanic aerosols and ozone depletion
[1] Observations show that strong equatorial volcanic eruptions have been followed by a pronounced positive phase of the Arctic Oscillation (AO) for one or two Northern Hemisphere winters. It hasExpand
Comprehensive Model Simulation of Thermal Tides in the Martian Atmosphere
Abstract This paper discusses the thermotidal oscillations in simulations performed with a newly developed comprehensive general circulation model of the Martian atmosphere. With reasonableExpand
Arctic Oscillation response to volcanic eruptions in the IPCC AR4 climate models
[1] Stratospheric sulfate aerosol particles from strong volcanic eruptions produce significant transient cooling of the troposphere and warming of the lower stratosphere. The radiative impact ofExpand
Atmospheric forcing of interannual variability in the northeast Pacific Ocean: Connections with El Niño
The nature and causes of the observed interannual variability of oceanic conditions in the Northeast Pacific were investigated using a variety of meteorological and oceanographic data sets. AnExpand
Improved Representation of Boundary Layer Clouds over the Southeast Pacific in ARW-WRF Using a Modified Tiedtke Cumulus Parameterization Scheme*
AbstractA modified Tiedtke cumulus parameterization (CP) scheme has been implemented into the Advanced Research Weather Research and Forecasting model (ARW-WRF) to improve the representation ofExpand
The Horizontal Kinetic Energy Spectrum and Spectral Budget Simulated by a High-Resolution Troposphere–Stratosphere–Mesosphere GCM
Abstract Horizontal kinetic energy spectra simulated by high-resolution versions of the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory SKYHI middle-atmosphere general circulation model are examined. The modelExpand
Mesoscale spectrum of atmospheric motions investigated in a very fine resolution global general circulation model
[1] The horizontal spectrum of wind variance, conventionally referred to as the kinetic energy spectrum, is examined in experiments conducted with the Atmospheric GCM for the Earth Simulator (AFES)Expand