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The relative age of mountain permafrost — estimation of Holocene permafrost limits in Norway
Abstract For Scandinavia in general and Norway in particular the regional distribution of mountain permafrost is reasonably well known, both through ground temperature measurements in boreholes,Expand
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A statistical approach to represent small-scale variability of permafrost temperatures due to snow cover
In permafrost environments exposed to strong winds, drifting snow can create a small-scale pattern of strongly variable snow heights, which has profound implications for the thermal regime of theExpand
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CryoGRID 1.0: Permafrost Distribution in Norway estimated by a Spatial Numerical Model
CryoGRID 1.0 provides an equilibrium model of permafrost distribution in Norway at a spatial resolution of 1 km2. The approach was forced with gridded data on daily air temperature and snow cover.Expand
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Transient thermal modeling of permafrost conditions in Southern Norway
Abstract. Thermal modeling is a powerful tool to infer the temperature regime of the ground in permafrost areas. We present a transient permafrost model, CryoGrid 2, that calculates groundExpand
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Permafrost Map for Norway, Sweden and Finland
A research-based understanding of permafrost distribution at a sufficient spatial resolution is important to meet the demands of science, education and society. We present a new permafrost map forExpand
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Ground Thermal Regime and Permafrost Distribution under a Changing Climate in Northern Norway
Since 2002, ground and ground surface temperatures have been systematically measured in the mountains of Troms and Finnmark, northern Norway. These data were used to calibrate and validate aExpand
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A ground temperature map of the North Atlantic permafrost region based on remote sensing and reanalysis data
Abstract. Permafrost is a key element of the terrestrial cryosphere which makes mapping and monitoring of its state variables an imperative task. We present a modeling scheme based on remotely sensedExpand
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A Tiling Approach to Represent Subgrid Snow Variability in Coupled Land Surface–Atmosphere Models
AbstractA mosaic approach to represent subgrid snow variation in a coupled atmosphere–land surface model (WRF–Noah) is introduced and tested. Solid precipitation is scaled in 10 subgrid tiles basedExpand
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Five decades of warming: impacts on snow cover in Norway
Northern latitudes are experiencing faster warming than other regions in the world, which is partly explained by the snow albedo feedback. In Norway, mean temperatures have been increasing since theExpand
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Small-scale variation of snow in a regional permafrost model
The strong winds prevalent in high altitude and arctic environments heavily redistribute the snow cover, causing a small-scale pattern of highly variable snow depths. This has profound implicationsExpand
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