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Standard methods for Apis mellifera brood as human food
TLDR
Recommendations and research protocols are provided on production of worker and drone brood for human consumption, on brood harvesting, including hygienic considerations, on nutritional aspects of brood, on sensory analyses of brood and brood products and on the gastronomic applications of honey bee brood to elucidate the edible potential now, and in the future.
Host–parasite genotypic interactions in the honey bee: the dynamics of diversity
TLDR
The results suggest that the selection pressure from genetically diverse parasites might be an important driving force in the evolution of polyandry, a mechanism that generates significant genetic diversity in social insects.
Genetic diversity, virulence and fitness evolution in an obligate fungal parasite of bees
TLDR
An increase in virulence after successive generations of selection and consequently faster production of spores is shown and it is possible that the parasite may have evolved to avoid competition with multiple strains because of its heterothallic mode of reproduction, which highlights the importance of understanding parasite biology when predicting disease dynamics.
Drone brood production in Danish apiaries and its potential for human consumption
TLDR
It is concluded that, with a potential 80 tonnes of available biomass nationally, drone brood could be used as a food product within a specialized niche market and foster sustainable beekeeping.
Innate expression of antimicrobial peptides does not explain genotypic diversity in resistance to fungal brood parasites in the honey bee
TLDR
The results suggest that the constitutive expression of abaecin appears to have a genetic basis in honey bee larvae but that mechanisms other than innate expression of antimicrobial peptides might be more important in defence against the specific fungal brood parasites assessed here.
The ecology and evolution of Aspergillus spp. fungal parasites in honey bees
Evolution of virulence in parasites has profound effects on both host-parasite co-evolution and ecology and is influenced by environmental factors and the genotypes involved. Many parasite infections