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Understanding the potential of teachable moments: the case of smoking cessation.
TLDR
Research in TMs could be improved by giving greater attention to assessment of conceptually grounded cognitive and emotional variables, appropriately timed assessment and intervention, and inclusion of appropriate target and comparison samples.
How can we increase translation of research into practice? Types of evidence needed.
This review summarizes key factors that have interfered with translation of research to practice and what public health researchers can do to hasten such transfer, focusing on characteristics of
Use of sunscreen, sunburning rates, and tanning bed use among more than 10 000 US children and adolescents.
TLDR
Multivariate analysis demonstrated that attitudes associated with tanning, such as the preference for tanned skin, having many friends who were tanned, and belief in the worth of burning to get a tan, were generally associated with sporadic sunscreen use, more frequent sunburns, and increased use of tanning beds.
Harvard Report on Cancer Prevention Volume 4: Harvard Cancer Risk Index
TLDR
The Harvard Cancer Risk Index provides a broad classification of cancer risk and may help inform users of the major risk factors for cancer and identify changes in lifestyle that will reduce their risk.
Relapse and maintenance issues for smoking cessation.
TLDR
Predictors of relapse include slips, younger age, nicotine dependence, low self-efficacy, weight concerns, and previous quit attempts, and standard definitions for slip, relapse, and long-term maintenance are discussed.
Predictors of smoking initiation and cessation among childhood cancer survivors: a report from the childhood cancer survivor study.
TLDR
Although survivors in the CCSS cohort seem to be smoking at rates below the general population, interventions are needed to prevent smoking initiation and promote cessation in this distinct population.
Web‐based Weight Loss in Primary Care: A Randomized Controlled Trial
TLDR
The intervention's approach promoted moderate weight loss at 12 weeks, though greater weight loss was observed among those with higher levels of website utilization, and Efficacious web‐based weight loss interventions can be successfully offered in the primary care setting.
Distribution of smokers by stage in three representative samples.
TLDR
The stability of distribution across age suggests that interventions that are appropriately matched to stage can be applied across all age groups and the differences found with respect to education, Hispanic origin, and race can serve as a guide to the tailoring of intervention materials.
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