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  • Influence
The triangle model of responsibility.
Responsibility acts as a psychological adhesive that connects an actor to an event and to relevant prescriptions that should govern conduct. People are held responsible to the extent that (a) aExpand
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Depression and smoking cessation: characteristics of depressed smokers and effects of nicotine replacement.
Previous research has linked depression to difficulties in smoking cessation. The authors followed 269 smokers who attempted to quit smoking for 3 months. Participants were given nicotine gum (2 or 4Expand
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Effects of nicotine gum dose by level of nicotine dependence.
We used the Heaviness of Smoking Index, a subset of the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence, to classify 608 cigarette smokers planning a cessation attempt as low or high in nicotine dependence.Expand
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Urges to smoke during the first month of abstinence: relationship to relapse and predictors
The urges to smoke reported by 215 former smokers were measured 1 day, 7 days, 14 days and 30 days after they quit to examine: (a) the time course of smoking urges, (b) the relationship of urges toExpand
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Smoking bans for reducing smoking prevalence and tobacco consumption
Tobacco is the second major cause of death in the world, and is currently responsible for the death of about one in ten adults worldwide (WHO 2005). Measures to control the demand for and supply ofExpand
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Nicotine gum dose and weight gain after smoking cessation.
The authors examined weight gain in 79 abstinent cigarette smokers during treatment with placebo or with 2 mg or 4 mg of nicotine gum. Results indicated that nicotine gum suppressed weight gain in aExpand
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Social class and chronic illness in Dublin.
Information on the social class distribution of illness is scarce in Ireland. The aim of this study was to document the social class distribution of 12 common chronic conditions in middle-agedExpand
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Social influences: effects of the social environment on the use of alcohol and other drugs.
The research aimed to measure social influences produced by the differential effects of "high use" and "low use" environments on students' vulnerability to substance misuse. Each environment wasExpand
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An explanation for the difference in general practitioner consultation rates between GMS and non-GMS patients.
This study compares annual consultation rates between 3,111 General Medical Services and private patients, and their family doctors in three large general practices in Dublin. Visiting rates wereExpand
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Mitral and Aortic Blood Flows during Spontaneous Respiration in Dogs
Left sided hemodynamic events during respiration remain a controversial subject. Left ventricular (LV) hemodynamic events were evaluated during obstructed and partially obstructed inspiration inExpand
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