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AIDS as a zoonosis: scientific and public health implications.
Evidence of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection has been reported for 26 different species of African nonhuman primates. Two of these viruses, SIVcpz from chimpanzees and SIVsm from sootyExpand
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Prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission in resource-poor countries: translating research into policy and practice.
Each year, an estimated 590,000 infants acquire human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV) infection from their mothers, mostly in developing countries that are unable to implement interventions nowExpand
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The mortality and pathology of HIV infection in a West African city
Background:HIV disease is epidemic in Africa, but associated mortality, underlying pathology and CD4+ T-lymphocyte counts have not previously been evaluated in a representative study. Such data helpExpand
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Molecular Evidence of Sexual Transmission of Ebola Virus.
A suspected case of sexual transmission from a male survivor of Ebola virus disease (EVD) to his female partner (the patient in this report) occurred in Liberia in March 2015. Ebola virus (EBOV)Expand
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The Serostatus Approach to Fighting the HIV Epidemic: prevention strategies for infected individuals.
In the United States, HIV prevention programs have historically tailored activities for specific groups primarily on the basis of behavioral risk factors and demographic characteristics. Through theExpand
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HIV in the United States at the turn of the century: an epidemic in transition.
OBJECTIVES The current status of and changes in the HIV epidemic in the United States are described. METHODS Surveillance data were used to evaluate time trends in AIDS diagnoses and deaths.Expand
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Tuberculosis and HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa.
OBJECTIVES To review the epidemiologic, clinical, and pathological characteristics and the public health implications of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated tuberculosis in sub-SaharanExpand
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The evolving epidemiology of HIV/AIDS
Following its recognition in 1981, the HIV/AIDS epidemic has evolved to become the greatest challenge in global health, with some 34 million persons living with HIV worldwide. Early epidemiologicExpand
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Triple-Antiretroviral Prophylaxis to Prevent Mother-To-Child HIV Transmission through Breastfeeding—The Kisumu Breastfeeding Study, Kenya: A Clinical Trial
Timothy Thomas and colleagues report the results of the Kisumu breastfeeding study (Kenya), a single-arm trial that assessed the feasibility and safety of a triple-antiretroviral regimen to suppressExpand
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Morbidity and mortality in South African gold miners: impact of untreated disease due to human immunodeficiency virus.
A cohort of 1792 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive and 2970 HIV-negative South African miners was observed for 12 months starting in February 1998. All-cause hospitalizations and deathsExpand
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