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CRITICAL QUESTIONS FOR BIG DATA
The era of Big Data has begun. Computer scientists, physicists, economists, mathematicians, political scientists, bio-informaticists, sociologists, and other scholars are clamoring for access to the…
Following you: Disciplines of listening in social media
- K. Crawford
- 27 July 2009
This paper develops the concept of listening as a metaphor for paying attention online. Pejorative terms such as ‘lurking’ have failed to capture much detail about the experience of presence online.…
Seeing without knowing: Limitations of the transparency ideal and its application to algorithmic accountability
This article critically interrogates the ideal of transparency, traces some of its roots in scientific and sociotechnical epistemological cultures, and sketches an alternative typology of algorithmic accountability grounded in constructive engagements with the limitations of transparency ideals.
Where are human subjects in Big Data research? The emerging ethics divide
A review of several contentious cases of research harms in data science, including the 2014 Facebook emotional contagion study and the 2016 use of geographical data techniques to identify the pseudonymous artist Banksy, argues data science should be understood as continuous with social sciences in this regard.
Six Provocations for Big Data
Given the rise of Big Data as both a phenomenon and a methodological persuasion, it is time to start critically interrogating this phenomenon, its assumptions, and its biases.
Big Data and Due Process: Toward a Framework to Redress Predictive Privacy Harms
It is argued that individuals who are privately and often secretly “judged” by big data should have similar rights to those judged by the courts with respect to how their personal data has been used in such adjudications, and analogizes a system of regulation that would provide such rights against private big data actors.
What is a flag for? Social media reporting tools and the vocabulary of complaint
The working of the flag is unpacked, alternatives that give greater emphasis to public deliberation are considered, and the implications for online public discourse of this now commonplace yet rarely studied sociotechnical mechanism are considered.
Our metrics, ourselves: A hundred years of self-tracking from the weight scale to the wrist wearable device
This article looks at the tensions surrounding wearable, self-tracking devices for questions of agency, practices of the body, and the use of wearable data by courtrooms and data science to enforce particular kinds of social and individual discipline.
Sexting, consent and young people's ethics: Beyond Megan's Story
This article contrasts the Megan's Story campaign, a recent Australian media and policy response to sexting (the act of taking and transmitting naked or semi-naked pictures via mobile phones) with…