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Reliability and validity testing of the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire.
The Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire (MHQ) is a reliable and valid instrument for measuring hand outcomes and can be used in a clinic setting with minimal burden to patients. Expand
Observational Studies: Cohort and Case-Control Studies
Observational studies constitute an important category of study designs that aid in evaluating associations between diseases and exposures and well-designed observational studies have been shown to provide results similar to those of randomized controlled trials. Expand
The Levels of Evidence and Their Role in Evidence-Based Medicine
The origin of levels of evidence, their relevance to the EBM movement and the implications for the field of plastic surgery as well as the everyday practice of plastic Surgery are focused on. Expand
The frequency and epidemiology of hand and forearm fractures in the United States.
The purpose of this study was to estimate the frequency and describe the epidemiology of hand and forearm fractures in the United States. We extracted cases with ICD-9-CM diagnostic codes of 813.0 toExpand
Treatment of scaphoid fractures and nonunions.
Improvements in diagnosis, surgical treatment, and implant materials have encouraged a trend toward early internal fixation, even for nondisplaced scaphoid fractures that could potentially be treated nonoperatively. Expand
Responsiveness of the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire and the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire in carpal tunnel surgery.
The MHQ and the DASH are both responsive in measuring outcomes of carpal tunnel surgery and can be used for outcomes research related to carpal Tunnel surgery with the advantage of also being useful for assessing and comparing outcomes for various other hand disorders. Expand
A systematic review of outcomes and complications of treating unstable distal radius fractures in the elderly.
A systematic review of existing literature for the management of osteoporotic distal radius fractures in patients aged 60 and over with 5 common techniques suggests that despite worse radiographic outcomes associated with CI, functional outcomes were no different from those of surgically treated groups for patients age 60 andover. Expand
Trends in the United States in the treatment of distal radial fractures in the elderly.
Since 2000, there has been an increase in the use of internal fixation and a concurrent decrease in the rate of closed treatment of distal radial fractures in the elderly in the United States. Expand
A meta-analysis of outcomes of external fixation versus plate osteosynthesis for unstable distal radius fractures.
The current literature offers no evidence to support the use of internal fixation over external fixation for unstable distal radius fractures, and Comparative trials using appropriately sensitive and validated outcome measurements are needed to guide treatment decisions. Expand
Maternal Cigarette Smoking during Pregnancy and the Risk of Having a Child with Cleft Lip/Palate
A significant association was found between any amount of maternal cigarette use during pregnancy and having a child with cleft lip/palate and a significant trend in the dose-response relationship strongly suggests the association of smoking tobacco and this common congenital deformity. Expand