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Coral Reefs Under Rapid Climate Change and Ocean Acidification
As the International Year of the Reef 2008 begins, scaled-up management intervention and decisive action on global emissions are required if the loss of coral-dominated ecosystems is to be avoided. Expand
Ocean model predictions of chemistry changes from carbon dioxide emissions to the atmosphere and ocean
[1] We present ocean chemistry calculations based on ocean general circulation model simulations of atmospheric CO2 emission, stabilization of atmospheric CO2 content, and stabilization ofExpand
Combined climate and carbon-cycle effects of large-scale deforestation
  • G. Bala, K. Caldeira, +4 authors A. Mirin
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 17 October 2006
It is found that global-scale deforestation has a net cooling influence on Earth's climate, because the warming carbon-cycle effects of deforestation are overwhelmed by the net cooling associated with changes in albedo and evapotranspiration. Expand
Atmospheric lifetime of fossil-fuel carbon dioxide
CO2 released from combustion of fossil fuels equilibrates among the various carbon reservoirs of the atmosphere, the ocean, and the terrestrial biosphere on timescales of a few centuries. However, aExpand
Seasonal rhythms of net primary production and particulate organic carbon flux to depth describe the efficiency of biological pump in the global ocean
[1] We investigate the functioning of the ocean’s biological pump by analyzing the vertical transfer efficiency of particulate organic carbon (POC). Data evaluated include globally distributed timeExpand
Coral reefs may start dissolving when atmospheric CO2 doubles
[1] Calcification rates in stony corals are expected to decline significantly in the near future due to ocean acidification. In this study we provide a global estimate of the decline in calcificationExpand
Stabilizing climate requires near-zero emissions
[1] Current international climate mitigation efforts aim to stabilize levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. However, human-induced climate warming will continue for many centuries, even afterExpand
Fast versus slow response in climate change: implications for the global hydrological cycle
Recent studies have shown that changes in global mean precipitation are larger for solar forcing than for CO2 forcing of similar magnitude. In this paper, we use an atmospheric general circulationExpand
Importance of carbon dioxide physiological forcing to future climate change
This study points to an emerging consensus that the physiological effects of increasing atmospheric CO2 on land plants will increase global warming beyond that caused by the radiative effects of CO2. Expand
Atmospheric CO2 stabilization and ocean acidification
[1] We use a coupled climate/carbon-cycle model to examine the consequences of stabilizing atmospheric CO2 at different levels for ocean chemistry. Our simulations show the potential for major damageExpand