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Changes of spine density and dendritic complexity in the prefrontal cortex in offspring of mothers exposed to stress during pregnancy
Both chronic stress in adulthood and episodes of stress in the early postnatal period have been shown to interfere with neuronal development in limbic prefrontal cortical regions. The present studyExpand
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Experience-induced changes of dendritic spine densities in the prefrontal and sensory cortex: correlation with developmental time windows.
The present study provides evidence for the hypothesis that the extent and the direction of experience-induced synaptic changes in cortical areas correlates with time windows of neuronal as well asExpand
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FMRP involvement in formation of synapses among cultured hippocampal neurons.
Fragile-X, the main cause of inherited human mental retardation is associated with the absence of a recently identified fragile-X mental retardation protein (FMRP). Mice in which this protein isExpand
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Organization of the dorsocaudal neostriatal complex: A retrograde and anterograde tracing study in the domestic chick with special emphasis on pathways relevant to imprinting
In the forebrain of domestic chicks, a network of distinct regions is crucially involved in auditory and visual filial imprinting. Among these areas, a distinct part of the dorsocaudal neostriatalExpand
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Maternal separation followed by early social deprivation affects the development of monoaminergic fiber systems in the medial prefrontal cortex of Octodon degus
The influence of early postnatal socio-emotional deprivation on the development of tyrosine hydroxylase- and 5-hydroxytryptamine-immunoreactive fiber innervation in the medial prefrontal cortex wasExpand
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Stress In Utero: Prenatal Programming of Brain Plasticity and Cognition
Animal studies confirm earlier anecdotal observations in humans to indicate that early life experience has a profound impact on adult behavior, years after the original experience has vanished. TheseExpand
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Weaning age, social isolation, and gender, interact to determine adult explorative and social behavior, and dendritic and spine morphology in prefrontal cortex of rats
We tested the effect of weaning at 21 or 30 days, followed by individual or group housing, on explorative and social behavior in adult male and female rats, and in males, on dendritic length andExpand
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Organization of the dopaminergic innervation of forebrain areas relevant to learning: A combined immunohistochemical/retrograde tracing study in the domestic chick
The mediorostral neostriatum/hyperstriatum ventrale (MNH) and neostriatum dorsocaudale (Ndc) of the domestic chick are crucially involved in auditory filial imprinting, whereas the lobusExpand
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Localization of dopamine D1 receptors and dopaminoceptive neurons in the chick forebrain
The distributions of dopamine D1 receptors, dopaminoceptive neurons, and catecholaminergic fibers were investigated in the forebrain of the domestic chick by using D1 receptor autoradiography andExpand
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Perinatal programming of emotional brain circuits: an integrative view from systems to molecules
Environmental influences such as perinatal stress have been shown to program the developing organism to adapt brain and behavioral functions to cope with daily life challenges. Evidence is nowExpand
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