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Bullying as a group process: Participant roles and their relations to social status within the group
Bullying was investigated as a group process, asocial phenomenon taking place in a school setting among 573 Finnish sixth-grade children (286 girls, 287 boys) aged 12-13 years. Different ParticipantExpand
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Do Girls Manipulate and Boys Fight? Developmental Trends in Regard to Direct and Indirect Aggression
Gender differences in regard to aggressive behaviour were investigated in a series of studies of schoolchildren of different age cohorts: 8-year-olds (N = 85), 11-year-olds (N = 167), andExpand
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Is Indirect Aggression Typical of Females? Gender Differences in Aggressiveness in 11- to 12-Year-Old Children
Gender differences regarding aggressive behaviour were investigated in 167 school children, 11 to 12 years of age, through peer-rating techniques supported by self-ratings and interviews. The socialExpand
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Aggression among university employees
Harassment among university employees (n = 338; 162 males, 176 females) was investigated by help of the Work Harassment Scale (WHS), developed for the study. Nineteen cases of severe victimization byExpand
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Sex differences in physical, verbal, and indirect aggression: A review of recent research
In the present article, recent research on sex differences in aggressive styles is reviewed. The concept of indirect aggression is particularly presented and discussed. It is argued that it isExpand
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The relationships between social intelligence, empathy, and three types of aggression
Relationships between social intelligence, empathy, and three types of aggressive behavior were studied. Peer-estimation techniques were used to measure all major variables. Altogether, 526 FinnishExpand
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Sex Differences in Covert Aggression Among Adults
In previous studies [Aggressive Behavior 14:403-414, 1988; Aggressive Behavior 18:117-127, 1992] it was found that adolescent girls used indirect means of aggression more than adolescent boys,Expand
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Different Names, Same Issue
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Of mice and women: Aspects of female aggression.
Part 1 The myth of the non-aggressive female: new trends in the study of female aggression, K. Bjorkqvist and P. Niemela biology does not make men more aggressive than women, D. Adams the aggressiveExpand
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