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Mechanisms of Selenium Enrichment and Measurement in Brassicaceous Vegetables, and Their Application to Human Health
Selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient for human health. Se deficiency affects hundreds of millions of people worldwide, particularly in developing countries, and there is increasing awarenessExpand
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Differential effects of probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics on gut microbiota and gene expression in rats
Abstract The effects of probiotics (Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis HN019 and Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001) and prebiotics (fructo-oligosaccharide (FOS), galacto-oligosaccharide (GOS), andExpand
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Digested and Fermented Green Kiwifruit Increases Human β-Defensin 1 and 2 Production In vitro
The intestinal mucosa is constantly exposed to a variety of microbial species including commensals and pathogens, the latter leaving the host susceptible to infection. Antimicrobial peptides (AMP)Expand
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Comparison of quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction with NanoString® methodology using adipose and liver tissues from rats fed seaweed.
Experimental methods are constantly being improved by new technology. Recently a new technology, NanoString®, has been introduced to the market for the analysis of gene expression. Our experimentsExpand
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Influence of Dietary Avocado on Gut Health in Rats
This study investigated the impact of diets containing various levels of avocado (5, 10 and 15%) on gut health in rats fed for six weeks. Avocado-fed rats had significantly higher food intakes whileExpand
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Influence of green and gold kiwifruit on indices of large bowel function in healthy rats.
The effects of kiwifruit on large bowel health were investigated in healthy rats. Four-week old Sprague-Dawley rats were given diets containing 10% homogenized green kiwifruit, gold kiwifruit or 10%Expand
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PPARγ as a sensor of lipase activity and a target for the lipase inhibitor orlistat
A PPARγ fluorescence polarization (FP) assay was used to measure the release of fatty acid products from triglyceride emulsions during digestion with pancreatic and yeast lipases in a real-time,Expand
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Apple Polyphenol Extracts Protect Against Aspirin‐induced Gastric Mucosal Damage in Rats
The protective role of two apple polyphenol extracts, Douglas‐FB (FB) and Douglas‐EF (EF), on gastric mucosal damage following aspirin ingestion was investigated in healthy rats. Polyphenol contentExpand
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Dietary combination of potato resistant starch and red meat up‐regulates genes involved in colonic barrier function of rats
1 The New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research Limited, Private Bag 92169, Auckland 1142, New Zealand 2 The New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research Limited, Private Bag 11600,Expand
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Consumption of selenium-enriched broccoli increases cytokine production in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells stimulated ex vivo, a preliminary human intervention study.
SCOPE Selenium (Se) is a micronutrient essential for human health, including immune function. Previous research indicates that Se supplementation may cause a shift from T helper (Th)1- to Th2-typeExpand
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