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A new view of the tree of life
The tree of life is one of the most important organizing principles in biology1. Gene surveys suggest the existence of an enormous number of branches2, but even an approximation of the full scale ofExpand
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Asgard archaea illuminate the origin of eukaryotic cellular complexity
The origin and cellular complexity of eukaryotes represent a major enigma in biology. Current data support scenarios in which an archaeal host cell and an alphaproteobacterial (mitochondrial)Expand
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Thousands of microbial genomes shed light on interconnected biogeochemical processes in an aquifer system
The subterranean world hosts up to one-fifth of all biomass, including microbial communities that drive transformations central to Earth's biogeochemical cycles. However, little is known about howExpand
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Biosynthetic capacity, metabolic variety and unusual biology in the CPR and DPANN radiations
Candidate phyla radiation (CPR) bacteria and DPANN (an acronym of the names of the first included phyla) archaea are massive radiations of organisms that are widely distributed across Earth’sExpand
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New CRISPR-Cas systems from uncultivated microbes
We identify the first reported Cas9 in the archaeal domain of life, to our knowledge. Expand
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The metatranscriptome of a deep-sea hydrothermal plume is dominated by water column methanotrophs and lithotrophs
Microorganisms mediate geochemical processes in deep-sea hydrothermal vent plumes, which are a conduit for transfer of elements and energy from the subsurface to the oceans. Despite this importantExpand
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Genomic resolution of a cold subsurface aquifer community provides metabolic insights for novel microbes adapted to high CO2 concentrations
As in many deep underground environments, the microbial communities in subsurface high-CO2 ecosystems remain relatively unexplored. Recent investigations based on single-gene assays revealed aExpand
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Expanded diversity of microbial groups that shape the dissimilatory sulfur cycle
A critical step in the biogeochemical cycle of sulfur on Earth is microbial sulfate reduction, yet organisms from relatively few lineages have been implicated in this process. Previous studies usingExpand
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Differential depth distribution of microbial function and putative symbionts through sediment-hosted aquifers in the deep terrestrial subsurface
An enormous diversity of previously unknown bacteria and archaea has been discovered recently, yet their functional capacities and distributions in the terrestrial subsurface remain uncertain. Here,Expand
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Sulfur Oxidation Genes in Diverse Deep-Sea Viruses
Virus-Enhanced Sulfur Oxidation How do microbial viruses affect subsurface microbial communities? Anantharaman et al. (p. 757, published online 1 May) investigated the interactions between ubiquitousExpand
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