• Publications
  • Influence
Bullying as a group process: Participant roles and their relations to social status within the group
Bullying was investigated as a group process, asocial phenomenon taking place in a school setting among 573 Finnish sixth-grade children (286 girls, 287 boys) aged 12-13 years. Different ParticipantExpand
  • 1,660
  • 142
  • PDF
Aggression among university employees
Harassment among university employees (n = 338; 162 males, 176 females) was investigated by help of the Work Harassment Scale (WHS), developed for the study. Nineteen cases of severe victimization byExpand
  • 737
  • 55
The relationships between social intelligence, empathy, and three types of aggression
Relationships between social intelligence, empathy, and three types of aggressive behavior were studied. Peer-estimation techniques were used to measure all major variables. Altogether, 526 FinnishExpand
  • 494
  • 44
Sex Differences in Covert Aggression Among Adults
In previous studies [Aggressive Behavior 14:403-414, 1988; Aggressive Behavior 18:117-127, 1992] it was found that adolescent girls used indirect means of aggression more than adolescent boys,Expand
  • 458
  • 24
  • PDF
Social intelligence - empathy = aggression?
Empathy reduces aggressive behavior. While empathy and social intelligence are strongly correlated, it is, for both logical and consequential reasons, important to regard them as different concepts.Expand
  • 281
  • 15
  • PDF
Cross-cultural evidence of female indirect aggression
Three types of aggressive behavior (physical, verbal, and indirect) were investigated by help of peer estimations based on The Direct and Indirect Aggression Scales (DIAS) (Finland: Abo AkademiExpand
  • 290
  • 14
Overt and covert aggression in work settings in relation to the subjective well‐being of employees
Aggressive behavior was studied in workplaces having (1) predominantly male, (2) predominantly female, or (3) both male and female employees in equal or near equal frequencies. In addition toExpand
  • 152
  • 14
Peer and Self‐Estimated Aggression and Victimization in 8‐Year‐Old Children From Five Ethnic Groups
The Direct and Indirect Aggression Scales (DIAS) (Bjorkqvist et al. [1992b] Finland: Abo Akademi University) were applied in order to investigate the perception of aggression among 8-year-oldExpand
  • 196
  • 8
Locus of control and three types of aggression
The literature suggests external locus of control to be related to aggression. The present study investigated whether this is equally true of different types of aggression (physical, verbal, andExpand
  • 63
  • 4