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Although mutation of APC or CTNNB1 (β-catenin) is rare in breast cancer, activation of Wnt signalling is nonetheless thought to play an important role in breast tumorigenesis, and epigenetic silencing of Wnt antagonist genes, including the secreted frizzled-related protein (SFRP) and Dickkopf (DKK) families, has been observed in various tumours. In breast(More)
The canoemisty1 (cnomis1) mutation was isolated by virtue of its severe rough eye phenotype from approximately 500 fly lines, each harboring a single autosomal insertion of a P element (Bm delta w). Excision of the P element generated a lethal, null allele, cnomis10, together with many revertants with normal eye morphology. Ommatidia homozygous for(More)
S-1 is a novel oral fluorouracil antitumor drug that combines three pharmacological agents: tegafur (FT), which is a prodrug of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU); 5-chloro-2,4-dihydroxypyridine (CDHP), which inhibits dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) activity; and potassium oxonate (Oxo), which reduces gastrointestinal toxicity. Phase I and early Phase II clinical(More)
Some humans develop the axonal form of Guillain-Barré syndrome after receiving bovine brain ganglioside. On sensitization with the ganglioside mixture, all of a group of rabbits injected developed high anti-GM1 IgG antibody titers, flaccid limb weakness of acute onset, and a monophasic illness course. Pathological findings for the peripheral nerves showed(More)
We previously reported that a forest bathing trip enhanced human NK activity, number of NK cells, and intracellular anti-cancer proteins in lymphocytes. In the present study, we investigated how long the increased NK activity lasts and compared the effect of a forest bathing trip on NK activity with a trip to places in a city without forests. Twelve healthy(More)
To assess the clinical value of positron emission tomography (PET) in the evaluation of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), PET perfusion and metabolic imaging using nitrogen-13 ammonia and fluorine-18 deoxyglucose (FDG) was performed before and 5 to 7 weeks after CABG in 22 patients with coronary artery disease. Postoperative improvement in(More)
A new lipoprotein lipase-like gene has been cloned from endothelial cells through a subtraction methodology aimed at characterizing genes that are expressed with in vitro differentiation of this cell type. The conceptual endothelial cell-derived lipase protein contains 500 amino acids, including an 18-amino acid hydrophobic signal sequence, and is 44%(More)
CONTEXT Recent studies have shown that passive smoking is a risk factor for ischemic heart disease and may be associated with vascular endothelial dysfunction. The acute effects of passive smoking on coronary circulation in nonsmokers are not known. OBJECTIVE To determine the acute effects of passive smoking on coronary circulation using coronary flow(More)
The timing of neocortical regional specification was examined using a monoclonal antibody, designated PC3.1, that binds a 29-kDa polypeptide and recognizes a neuronal subpopulation located in the lateral but not dorsomedial neocortex in the rat. When lateral cortical tissue fragments at embryonic days 12 and 16 were maintained in an organotypic culture(More)
We previously reported that forest bathing trips enhanced human NK activity, number of NK cells, and intracellular anti-cancer proteins in lymphocytes, and that the increased NK activity lasted for more than 7 days after the trip in male subjects. In the present study, we investigated the effect of forest bathing trip on human NK activity in female(More)