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NO. is a free radical that modulates heart function and metabolism. We report that a neuronal-type NO synthase (NOS) is located on cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) membrane vesicles and that endogenous NO. produced by SR-associated NOS inhibits SR Ca2+ uptake. Ca2+-dependent biochemical conversion of L-arginine to L-citrulline was observed from isolated(More)
To investigate whether the energy derived from glycolysis is functionally coupled to Ca2+ active transport in sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), we determined whether glycolytic enzymes were associated with SR membranes and whether metabolism through these enzymes was capable of supporting 45Ca transport. Sealed right-side-out SR vesicles were isolated by step(More)
Oxygen-derived free radicals have been reported to damage the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+)-ATPase, potentially contributing to cellular Ca2+ overload and myocardial damage after ischemia and reperfusion. To determine whether the ATP binding site on Ca(2+)-ATPase is involved in oxygen radical injury, SR vesicles containing bound Ca(2+)-ATPase were(More)
We have previously obtained indirect evidence that sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) vesicles from cardiac and skeletal muscle contain the complete chain of glycolytic enzymes from aldolase to pyruvate kinase. To investigate directly whether pyruvate kinase and other glycolytic enzymes are anatomically associated with the SR, electron microscopic immunogold++(More)
The efficacy and mechanism of protection of a new 2,2,5, 5-tetramethylpyrroline derivative of mexiletine, MEX-NH, against ischemia/reperfusion-induced cardiac dysfunction are reported. The MEX-NH and its nitroxide metabolite are membrane-permeable antioxidants. Studies were performed in an isolated rat heart model to measure the efficacy of MEX-NH in(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate the potential mechanisms of hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP)'s beneficial effects on kidney graft over static cold storage (SCS) in vitro. METHODS Ten kidneys of 5 Bama miniature male pigs were paired into 2 groups: SCS group and HMP group. Preservation solutions were taken at 0, 1, 3, and 6 hours for the measurement of K+,(More)
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