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This is the first inn vitro study on the activity of 20 kinds of crude extracts of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) on the intestinal parasite, Blastocystis hominis using the criteria of living cell count (LCC) and living cell rate (LCR). LCC and LCR were applied as observation indicators, the former as a fixed-quantity and the latter as a fixed-quality(More)
The methanol extract from the whole plant of Geum japonicum was found to inhibit the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) protease. Through bioassay-directed fractionation of the extract, a new triterpene acid along with five known triterpene acids, ursolic acid, epipomolic acid, maslinic acid, euscaphic acid, and tormentic acid, were isolated. The(More)
A series of nonsteroidal compounds, 2-(p-chlorobenzyl)-3-aryl-6- methoxybenzofurans derived from the 2-(p-chlorobenzyl)-6-methoxy-3(2H)-benzofuranones has been synthesized. The key steps in the synthesis were reactions of 2-(p-chlorobenzyl)-6-methoxy-3(2H)-benzofuranones with the arylorganometallic reagents followed by dehydration of the resulting(More)
The isolation and identification of a new phloroglucinol derivative (2), a diterpenol (4), together with the known compounds flavesone (1) and sarothralen B (3), from the aerial parts of Hypericum japonicum are reported. Their structures were established by extensive spectral analysis and the structure of (3) has also been confirmed by a single crystal(More)
A new polyisoprenylated benzophenone, guttiferone I, together with the known compounds cambogin, 1,7-dihydroxyxanthone, 1,3,6,7-tetrahydroxyxanthone and 1,3,5,6-tetrahydroxyxanthone were isolated from the stem bark of Garcinia griffithii. The acetone extract of the heartwood of Garcinia mangostana contained one new diprenylated xanthone (mangoxanthone) and(More)
We screened more than 60 Malaysian plants against two species of insects and found that Melicope subunifoliolata (Stapf) T.G. Hartley (Rutaceae) showed strong feeding deterrent activity against Sitophilus zeamais Motsch. (Curculionidae) and very good larvicidal activity against Aedes aegypti L. (Diptera). One anti-insect compound, meliternatin(More)
Differential gene expression, with its precise start and stop times, is believed to be critical for the programmed development of new cells and tissues. Within the developing fetus, one tissue of particular interest is fetal liver. This organ undergoes rapid changes in the pathway toward liver development in utero since it is also the major site of(More)
[reaction: see text] The structures of novel gaudichaudiic acids F-I (1-4), isolated from the bark of Indonesian Garcinia gaudichaudii, have been elucidated by detailed spectral analysis. Gaudichaudiic acid I (4) is probably derived from 1 as a result of allylic oxidation at C-24 and C-21, followed by aromatization.