K. Y. Esther Leung

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Automated segmentation approaches for the left ventricle (LV) in 3-D echocardiography (3DE) often rely on manual initialization. So far, little effort has been put into automating the initialization procedure to get to a fully automatic segmentation approach. We propose a fully automatic method for the detection of the LV long axis (LAX) and the mitral(More)
Several automated border detection approaches for three-dimensional echocardiography have been developed in recent years, allowing quantification of a range of clinically important parameters. In this review, the background and principles of these approaches and the different classes of methods are described from a practical perspective, as well as the(More)
Rupture of vulnerable plaques in coronary arteries is the major cause of acute coronary syndromes. Most vulnerable plaques consist of a thin fibrous cap covering an atheromous core. These plaques can be identified using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) palpography, which measures radial strain by cross-correlating RF signals at different intraluminal(More)
Three-dimensional (3-D) stress echocardiography is a novel technique for diagnosing cardiac dysfunction. It involves evaluating wall motion of the left ventricle, by visually analyzing ultrasound images obtained in rest and in different stages of stress. Since the acquisitions are performed minutes apart, variabilities may exist in the visualized(More)
The analysis of echocardiograms, whether visual or automated, is often hampered by ultrasound artifacts which obscure the moving myocardial wall. In this study, a probabilistic framework for tracking the endocardial surface in 3D ultrasound images is proposed, which distinguishes between visible and artifact-obscured myocardium. Motion estimation of visible(More)
To quantitatively predict coronary artery diseases, automated analysis may be preferred to current visual assessment of left ventricular (LV) wall motion. In this paper, a novel automated classification method is presented which uses shape models with localized variations. These sparse shape models were built from four-chamber and two-chamber(More)
Automated landmark detection may prove invaluable in the analysis of real-time three-dimensional (3D) echocardiograms. By detecting 3D anatomical landmark points, the standard anatomical views can be extracted automatically in apically acquired 3D ultrasound images of the left ventricle, for better standardization of visualization and objective diagnosis.(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Parametric shape representations of endocardial contours, obtained with principal component analysis (PCA) and the orthomax criterion, provide compact descriptors for classifying segmental left ventricular wall motion. MATERIALS AND METHODS Endocardial contours were delineated in the left ventricular echocardiograms of 129(More)
The use of automated methods is becoming increasingly important for assessing cardiac function quantitatively and objectively. In this study, we propose a method for tracking three-dimensional (3-D) left ventricular contours. The method consists of a local optical flow tracker and a global tracker, which uses a statistical model of cardiac motion in an(More)
A fully automated segmentation for 3D echocardiography (3DE) using 3D Active Appearance Models (AAM) was developed and evaluated on 99 patients. The method used ultrasound specific grey value normalization and two matching algorithms were tested. To our knowledge this is the first report on a fully operational 3D AAM employed in 3DE on a large scale. The 3D(More)