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Three-dimensional (3-D) stress echocardiography is a novel technique for diagnosing cardiac dysfunction. It involves evaluating wall motion of the left ventricle, by visually analyzing ultrasound images obtained in rest and in different stages of stress. Since the acquisitions are performed minutes apart, variabilities may exist in the visualized(More)
Automated landmark detection may prove invaluable in the analysis of real-time three-dimensional (3D) echocardiograms. By detecting 3D anatomical landmark points, the standard anatomical views can be extracted automatically in apically acquired 3D ultrasound images of the left ventricle, for better standardization of visualization and objective diagnosis.(More)
The analysis of echocardiograms, whether visual or automated, is often hampered by ultrasound artifacts which obscure the moving myocardial wall. In this study, a probabilistic framework for tracking the endocardial surface in 3D ultrasound images is proposed, which distinguishes between visible and artifact-obscured myocardium. Motion estimation of visible(More)
To quantitatively predict coronary artery diseases, automated analysis may be preferred to current visual assessment of left ventricular (LV) wall motion. In this paper, a novel automated classification method is presented which uses shape models with localized variations. These sparse shape models were built from four-chamber and two-chamber(More)
Several automated border detection approaches for three-dimensional echocardiography have been developed in recent years, allowing quantification of a range of clinically important parameters. In this review, the background and principles of these approaches and the different classes of methods are described from a practical perspective, as well as the(More)