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Transiently evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) were recorded from 525 ears (children, 3-11 years). Based on visual evaluation, the recordings were classified as TEOAEs present, absent or uncertain. Within each group the distribution of response level and reproducibility as well as of four derived parameters were calculated. The latter comprised: (1)(More)
The growth function of the contralateral stapedius reflex elicited by analog electrostimulation via cochlear implant was investigated in 9 patients and compared to reflex functions obtained for acoustic stimulation in 3 normal-hearing subjects. Sinusoidal signal bursts with the same time pattern were used for the two stimulation modes, the contraction of(More)
The contralateral stapedius reflex elicited by sinusoidal electrostimulation via cochlear implant was investigated in 12 patients. Contraction of the middle ear muscle was monitored by time-resolved synchronized digital sampling of the impedance change in the contralateral ear. The reflex was detected in all patients in whom the uncomfortable loudness level(More)
We determined the necessary signal-to-noise threshold for 50% sentence discrimination in 130 patients with sensorineural hearing disorders with and without a hearing aid, as well as the minimum monosyllable discrimination loss without hearing aid. A significant correlation coefficient was found to exist of the signal-to-noise threshold with vs. that without(More)
The estimation of the maximum comfort loudness levels (MCL) by measurements of the electrically elicited stapedius reflex was examined in six experienced cochlear implant users supplied with the COMBI 40 implant system. The stapedius reflex was tested and loudness scaling was performed simultaneously using an up/down stimulation protocol close to the reflex(More)
Based on a variety of experimental and clinical studies the diagnostic significance of transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) is well established. This is also due to the availability of commercial hardware and software which is optimized for the recording of click-evoked OAEs. In cases with distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) the(More)
The effect of stimulus duration on the threshold of the contralateral stapedius reflex was investigated in patients supplied with a Vienna cochlear implant (analog stimulation via CI) and compared to results of a normal-hearing reference group in case of acoustic stimulation. Changes in reflex threshold were determined at four frequencies (125, 500, 1,000(More)
In a 6-year-old boy with idiopathic unilateral deafness, click-evoked otoacoustic emissions were recorded in both ears with similar amplitudes and time courses. Following stimulation of the deaf ear, no component of auditory-evoked brainstem potentials was recorded. No space-occupying lesion was observed with high-resolution CT. At retest 1 year later these(More)
The stapedius reflex elicited by electrical stimulation was investigated in 21 deaf individuals supplied with an inner ear prosthesis. All patients were implanted with the Vienna cochlear implant using intra or extracochlear electrodes. Analog stimulation with sinus bursts of various durations (25, 50, 100, 300, 500 ms) and frequencies (125, 500, 1000, 2000(More)
Stapedius reflexes were tested in 21 deaf patients with the Vienna cochlear implant using intra- or extracochlear electrodes. Sinusoidal bursts of 125, 500, 1,000 and 2,000 Hz were used as stimuli presented in a randomized sequence. The contralateral acoustic reflex was monitored by synchronized sampling of the acoustic impedance of the ear. Results(More)