K. W. Taylor

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Serum specimens from 162 patients with insulin-dependent diabetes of recent onset and 319 controls were tested for neutralizing antibodies to Coxsackie viruses types B1 to B5. Antibody to type B4 virus was more often found in diabetics than in controls, particularly in the 10-19 year age group. Though controls were not matched for geographical area it was(More)
A seasonal incidence in the onset of insulin-dependent diabetes in patients under 30 years of age has been suggested from the analysis of data derived from the clinic registers of two diabetic clinics. The increased incidence occurred in summer, autumn, and winter, with a peak in the autumn. A significant variation in annual totals of new cases of diabetes(More)
Diabetes was induced in 20–30% of adult CD1 mice 15–20 days after infection by a tissue culture propagated strain of Coxsackie B4 virus. Serum insulin and insulin release from isolated islets indicated a relative insulin deficiency in diabetic animals. In some animals diabetes appeared to be permanent whilst in many it was of a temporary nature. Histology(More)
Isolated mouse pancreatic islets were infected in vitro with two strains of Coxsackie B4 virus--a tissue culture-adapted strain and a mouse pancreas-adapted strain. Within 48 h of infection changes had occurred in the biochemical activities of islets infected with the mouse pancreas-adapted strain of virus. Basal insulin release was increased two-fold in(More)
The long-term effects of Coxsackie B4 (CB4) infection of mice on pancreatic islet function were investigated. Mice were inoculated with various strains of CB4 virus and 2, 3 and 6 months later islet insulin synthesis and release from isolated islets were measured. Insulin release at basal glucose concentration (2 mmol l-1) was higher in islets from mice(More)
Many different viruses belonging to several genera have the potential to damage beta cells. The mechanisms they employ are varied, and infection may result in either a direct destruction of islets and rapid insulin deficiency, or in a more gradual loss of functioning islets with the onset of diabetes many years later. Several case histories involving(More)
Infection with Coxsackie B viruses has been linked to insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Nine of 14 serum samples (64%) taken from children at the onset of diabetes were positive for enterovirus RNA by PCR. All of the children were under age six, and five were under age three. By contrast, enterovirus sequences were detected in only two of 45 serum(More)
Adenosine (1.0-100 mum). N(6)-phenylisopropyladenosine (0.1-10 mum) and 2-deoxyadenosine (10 mm) all produced a dose-dependent inhibition of glucose-stimulated insulin release. The inhibition of glucose-stimulated insulin release by adenosine and N(6)-phenylisopropyladenosine was abolished by 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (0.1 mm), whereas 2-deoxyadenosine(More)
1. A method was devised for the isolation of islets of Langerhans from rabbit pancreas by collagenase digestion in order to study the influx and efflux of K(+) in islets during insulin secretion. 2. Glucose-induced insulin release was accompanied by an increased rate of uptake of (42)K(+) by the islets of Langerhans, though this was not the case for(More)