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In addition to a family of structurally related proteins encoded by the Granule lattice (GRL) genes, the dense core granules in Tetrahymena thermophila contain a second, more heterogeneous family of proteins that can be defined by the presence of a domain homologous to beta/gamma-crystallins. The founding members of the family, Induced during Granule(More)
Polypharmacology-based strategies using drug combinations with different mechanisms of action are gaining increasing attention as a novel methodology to discover potentially innovative medicines for neurodegenerative disorders. We used this approach to examine the combined neuroprotective effects of two polyphenols, protocatechuic acid (PCA) and chrysin,(More)
PROTEOMICS, IN ITS broadest mandate, is the study of proteins and their functions. As the "workhorses" of the genome, proteins govern normal cellular structure and function. Protein function is not just a reflection of its expression level; it is also the cumulative result of many post-transcriptional (splicing) and post-translational events that together(More)
Dissociations at the N-C(alpha) bond of tryptophan and tyrosine residues are the prevalent pathways in the fragmentations of radical cations of tripeptides that contain such as residues. This process involves a proton transfer from the beta-carbon of the tryptophan or tyrosine residue to the carbonyl oxygen of the amide group, followed by cleavage of the(More)
Functional redundancy is a pivotal mechanism that supports the robustness of biological systems at a molecular, cellular, and organismal level. The extensive prevalence of redundancy in molecular networks has been highlighted by recent systems biology studies; however, a detailed mechanistic understanding of redundant functions in specific signaling modules(More)
Oral leukoplakia is a heterogeneous lesion with risk of cancer development; there are no biomarkers to predict its potential of malignant transformation. Tissue proteomic analysis of oral leukoplakia using iTRAQ labeling liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry showed overexpression of heterogeneous ribonucleoprotein K (hnRNP K), a transformation-related(More)
Post-transcriptional regulation by heterogeneous ribonucleoproteins (hnRNPs) is an important regulatory paradigm in cancer development. Our proteomic analysis revealed hnRNPD overexpression in oral dysplasia as compared with normal mucosa; its role in oral carcinogenesis remains unknown. Here in we determined the hnRNPD associated protein networks and its(More)
The fragmentation pathways of protonated mono- and di-nitrosylated derivatives from the dipeptide Cys-Cys obtained by electrospray were examined. Protonated mononitrosylated dipeptide upon loss of ˙NO formed a radical cation, which in turn shows two fragment ions, one from the loss of HS˙ and the other from a neutral loss giving a radical cation of formula(More)
The performance of two decomposition procedures, with (a) nitric/perchloric/sulphuric acid and (b) nitric acid/magnesium nitrate, in the determination of selenium in marine biological tissues by gas chromatography with electron-capture detection was compared. Both methods were found satisfactory and performed equally well for sample dissolution, but method(More)
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