Learn More
Epidemiological studies have shown a strong relationship between the level of lead in blood and bone as assessed by performance on IQ tests and other psychometric tests. Approximately 1 out of 10 children in the United States have blood lead levels above 10 microg/dl, which has been established as the level of concern. Studies on experimental animals(More)
We assessed the association of CYP2B6, CYP3A5, and CYP2C19 polymorphisms with sibutramine pharmacokinetics. Forty six healthy male subjects were enrolled, and their CYP2B6 (*4 and *6), CYP3A5 (*3), and CYP2C19 (*2, and *3) genotypes were analyzed. After a single 15-mg dose of sibutramine was administered, plasma concentrations of sibutramine and its(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS The unfolded protein response (UPR) in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and autophagy are known to be related. We investigated the role of autophagy in UPR of pancreatic beta cells and the susceptibility of autophagy-deficient beta cells to the ER stress that is implicated in the development of diabetes. METHODS Rat insulin promoter(More)
AIMS Although many studies have reported an association between serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and cardiovascular risk factors, the mechanism of this relationship has not been clarified. METHODS The medical records of 29,959 subjects (age, median 48, range 14-90 years; 16,706 men, 13,253 women) who visited the Center for Health Promotion at Samsung(More)
Particles can cause cytotoxicity in pulmonary alveolar macrophages (AM). Several mechanisms to explain this cytotoxicity have been suggested. However, the exact mechanism of particle-induced cytotoxicity in AM remains to be established. Silica and TiO2 produced a concentration-dependent cytotoxicity as evidenced by loss of cell viability and fall in ATP(More)
It is well known that various cytokines and growth factors secreted from macrophages/monocytes play the key role in the pathogenesis of pneumoconiosis. These can act as biosensors for the prediction of pneumoconiosis. To evaluate which cytokines can be used as sensitive biomarkers in pneumoconiosis, we measured tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha),(More)
We evaluated the effect of the CYP2C19 genotype on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamcis of clopidogrel. Twenty-four subjects were divided into three groups on the basis of their CYP2C19 genotype: homozygous extensive metabolizers (homoEMs, n = 8), heterozygous EMs (heteroEMs, n = 8), and poor metabolizers (PMs, n = 8). After a single 300-mg loading(More)
Fas ligand (FasL), perforin, TNF-alpha, IL-1, and NO have been considered as effector molecule(s) leading to beta cell death in autoimmune diabetes. However, the real culprit(s) in beta cell destruction have long been elusive, despite intense investigation. We and others have demonstrated that FasL is not a major effector molecule in autoimmune diabetes,(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS After screening 16 Korean families with early onset Type 2 diabetes in search for hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF) -1alpha gene mutation, we identified a novel missense mutation (R263L) associated with MODY phenotype. We studied the biological characteristics of the mutation and the potential functional consequences based on the(More)
The 60 amino acid long homeodomain of Antennapedia (Antp), either alone or as a fusion protein with 30-40 amino acid long foreign polypeptides, has been reported to cross biological membranes by an energy- and receptor-protein-independent mechanism. Moreover, the 16 amino acid long third helix of the Antp homeodomain, so-called penetratin, possesses(More)