K . W . Johnson

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Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune inflammatory disease that presents clinically with a range of symptoms including motor, sensory, and cognitive dysfunction as well as demyelination and lesion formation in brain and spinal cord. A variety of animal models of MS have been developed that share many of the pathological hallmarks of MS including motor(More)
Ibudilast is a relatively nonselective phosphodiesterase inhibitor which has been marketed for almost 20 years in Japan for treating asthma. More recently it has been found to have anti-inflammatory activity in both the peripheral immune system and in the CNS via glial cell attenuation. This CNS-directed anti-inflammatory activity is of potential use in the(More)
We have previously shown that an anticoagulant could attenuate inflammation in animal models of sepsis with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and that coagulation activation of human whole blood ex vivo results in a proinflammatory cytokine response. The current studies were performed to better understand mechanisms for the blood cell cytokine(More)
Acute inflammatory illnesses, including the sepsis syndrome, often include a component of coagulation. A human whole blood culture system was developed so that the relationship between coagulation activation and cytokine responses in the presence or absence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) could be evaluated. In the absence of LPS stimulation, coagulation(More)
Succinate-driven respiration in azide-inhibited rat brain submitochondrial particles (smps) produces azidyl and hydroxyl radicals that were detected by spin trapping with 5,5'-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide (DMPO). Production of radicals required succinate and oxygen and was eliminated by heat denaturation, which indicates that radical production is a result(More)
Ethnic minority populations show patterns of health, health care use, and mortality that differ from the overall U.S. population. Each of the broad groups of minorities (Asian Hispanic, Native, and African Americans) has a unique background of sociocultural factors that influence these patterns. Thus, the larger social environment for ethnic populations,(More)
Treatment of murine spleen cells with 30 nM TCDD resulted in an approximately 3 fold increase in unstimulated antibody production after 3 days in culture. This response was not accompanied by increased cellular proliferation and may represent an effect of TCDD on B cell activation or differentiation. Since PMA is capable of activating B cells, presumably(More)
Various toxicological and immunological parameters were assessed after exposure of female B6C3F1 mice to 0.1, 1.0, 4.0, and 8.0 mg/kg gamma-chlordane for 14 days via oral gavage. Variables evaluated included periodic body weights, terminal organ weights, hematology including leukocyte differentials, antibody response to sheep red blood cells (SRBC),(More)
The in vitro activation of dimethylnitrosamine (DMN) to an immunosuppressive form was studied utilizing liver-enzyme fractions and intact hepatocytes. The N-demethylation of DMN by mouse S9 and microsome preparations was confirmed by determination of formaldehyde generation. S9 fractions from both phenobarbital(PB)- and isopropanol(iso)-pretreated mice(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) would improve mortality and morbidity evoked by peritonitis-induced bacteremia in pigs. Secondarily, it sought to determine if TFPI treatment would attenuate cardiodynamic abnormalities produced by this septic model. 32 pigs were chronically instrumented with intracardiac(More)