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Current data indicate that CD5 functions as an inhibitor of TCR signal transduction. Consistent with this role, thymocyte selection in TCR transgenic/CD5(-/-) mice is altered in a manner suggestive of enhanced TCR signaling. However, the impact of CD5 deletion on thymocyte selection varies depending on the transgenic TCR analyzed, ranging from a slight to a(More)
Signals mediated by the T cell receptor (TCR) are required for thymocyte maturation and selection. To examine the role of TCR zeta chain signals in development, TCR expression was restored in zeta-deficient mice with transgenic zeta chains that partially or completely lacked sequences required for signal transduction. The zeta chain played a role in thymic(More)
Irreversible Electroporation (IRE) is used to treat locally advanced cancers, commonly of the pancreas, liver, kidney, and other soft tissues. Precise eligibility for IRE should be established in each individual patient by a multidisciplinary team based on comprehensive clinical, imaging, and laboratory assessment. Standardization of IRE technique and(More)
T cell antigen receptor (TCR) and pre-TCR complexes are composed of clonotypic heterodimers in association with dimers of signal transducing invariant subunits (CD3gamma, -delta, -epsilon, and zeta). The role of individual invariant subunits in T cell development has been investigated by generating gene-specific mutations in mice. Mutation of CD3gamma,(More)
A novel nonreceptor protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP), PTP-K1, was identified using a consensus polymerase chain reaction-based approach. The full length cDNA encompasses an open reading frame of 1362 base pairs, predicting a protein of 453 amino acid residues with a molecular mass of 54 kDa. The PTP domain is located in the N-terminal portion of the(More)
Tumor-induced angiogenesis has been shown to suppress immune responses. One mechanism is to suppress leukocyte-endothelial cell interaction by down-regulating the expression of adhesion molecules, such as intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1, vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1 and E-selectin on the tumor endothelium, which enables tumor cells to(More)
Despite the progress in our understanding of genes essential for stem cell regulation and development, little is known about the factors secreted by stem cells and their effect on tissue regeneration. In particular, the factors secreted by human CD34+ cells remain to be elucidated. We have approached this challenge by performing a cytokine/growth factor(More)
Jejunal diverticula are rare. Enterolith ileus, the least-encountered complication among patients with jejunal diverticula, is incidentally found at surgery or during imaging studies such as radiography, CT, or endoscopy. We report the case of a 71-year-old man with enterolith ileus involving the jejunum that was initially detected using abdominal(More)
Eight acute liver failure patients, all in grade IV hepatic encephalopathy, were administered liver dialysis treatment with the Hemo Therapies Unit (Hemo Therapies Inc, San Diego, CA, USA). The patients were evaluated to determine whether the Glasgow Coma Scale score and cerebral blood flow improved with treatment. After the initial treatment, consciousness(More)
UNLABELLED Immunotherapy is often effective only for small tumor burdens and, in many cases, is restricted to subcutaneous tumors. Here, we investigated the antitumor effects of combination therapy with GM-CSF and IL-12 on orthotopic liver tumors with intermediate or large tumor volumes, or on chemically-induced multifocal liver tumors in animals.(More)