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BACKGROUND House dust mites (HDMs) represent significant indoor allergen sources for patients with atopic dermatitis (AD). Subcutaneous allergen-specific immunotherapy (SCIT) has been shown to be successful in patients with allergic rhinitis and mild asthma and might represent an attractive therapeutic option for the long-term treatment of HDM(More)
BACKGROUND More than 90% of house dust mite-allergic patients are sensitized to the major Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus allergen, Der p 2. The aim of this study was to develop and characterize an allergy vaccine based on carrier-bound Der p 2 peptides, which should allow reducing IgE- and T-cell-mediated side-effects during specific immunotherapy (SIT). (More)
BACKGROUND The production of allergen-specific IgE antibodies is a hallmark of IgE-mediated allergy but the contribution of blood cells to allergen-specific IgE production in allergic patients has not been studied in detail. OBJECTIVE Aim of this study was the characterization of IgE-producing cells in the blood of allergic patients and the determination(More)
BACKGROUND Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) has been reported to be a safe treatment for inhalant allergies in children. Yet the immunologic mechanisms resulting in clinical improvement are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE To identify early systemic immunologic changes during the first 8 weeks of clinically effective SLIT to grass pollen, tree pollen or house(More)
BACKGROUND The association between cigarette smoke exposure and allergic airway disease is a matter for debate. We sought to investigate in an in vitro system whether active smoking reduces the integrity and barrier function of the respiratory epithelium and thus facilitates allergen penetration. METHODS We cultured the human bronchial epithelial cell(More)
IgE-dependent activation of basophils is associated with upregulation of several surface molecules. We recently identified the surface enzyme aminopeptidase N (CD13) as a novel activation antigen on human basophils. In the present study, we asked whether CD13 can be employed as a novel marker of allergen-induced activation of basophils in allergic(More)
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