K. Venkata Ramaiah

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eIF2B is a heteropentameric guanine-nucleotide exchange factor essential for protein synthesis initiation in eukaryotes. Its activity is inhibited in response to starvation or stress by phosphorylation of the alpha subunit of its substrate, translation initiation factor eIF2, resulting in reduced rates of translation and cell growth. We have used an in(More)
Phosphorylation of serine 51 residue on the alpha-subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF2alpha) inhibits the guanine nucleotide exchange (GNE) activity of eIF2B, presumably, by forming a tight complex with eIF2B. Inhibition of the GNE activity of eIF2B leads to impairment in eIF2 recycling and protein synthesis. We have partially purified the(More)
Phosphorylation of the serine 51 residue in the alpha-subunit of translational initiation factor 2 in eukaryotes (eIF2 alpha) impairs protein synthesis presumably by sequestering eIF2B, a rate-limiting pentameric guanine nucleotide exchange protein which catalyzes the exchange of GTP for GDP in the eIF2-GDP binary complex. To further understand the(More)
To study further the regulation of the heme-regulated eIF-2 alpha kinase (HRI), we have produced functional wild type HRI using the baculovirus expression system. The amount of recombinant HRI protein expressed in insect cells is approximately 10 times higher than levels in reticulocytes. Baculovirus-expressed HRI (BV-HRI) is indistinguishable from HRI(More)
Inheritance of Striga seed-germination stimulant in sorghum was investigated on three low-stimulant cultivars viz., 555, Framida, SNR 6496 and six high-stimulant cultivars viz., Swarna, NJ 2006, IS 508, 168, 148 and M 35-1 using seeds of Striga asiatica collected at ICRISAT Center. From a study of parents, F1, F2, and the backcross F2 seedling progenies, it(More)
The inhibition of protein synthesis that occurs upon phosphorylation of the alpha subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF-2 alpha) at serine 51 correlates with reduced guanine nucleotide exchange activity of eIF-2B in vivo and inhibition of eIF-2B activity in vitro, although it is not known if phosphorylation is the cause of the reduced eIF-2B(More)
In heme-deficient reticulocyte lysates, the alpha-subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor-2 (eIF-2alpha) is phosphorylated due to the activation of the heme-regulated eIF-2alpha kinase (HRI). Phosphorylation of eIF-2alpha impairs the guanine nucleotide exchange activity of eIF-2B and thereby inhibits or shuts off protein synthesis. Delayed addition of hemin(More)
Recently, we synthesized and characterized vanadyl saccharides to evaluate the effects of various vanadate and vanadyl complexes, which differ in their oxidation states on various biomacromolecules and cellular activities (1, 2). Here, we report that both vanadate (+V oxidation state) and different vanadyl species (+IV oxidation state) such as vanadyl(More)
Phosphorylation of the alpha-subunit (38 kDa) of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF-2 alpha) regulates initiation of protein synthesis in eukaryotic cells. This phosphorylation is enhanced in cycloheximide-treated heme-deficient reticulocyte lysates in which polysomes are maintained. In early heme deficiency prior to polysome disaggregation, eIF-2(alpha P)(More)
A novel descriptive feature extraction method of Discrete Fourier transform and neural network classifier for classification of Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images is proposed. The classification process has the following stages (1) Image Segmentation using statistical Region Merging (SRM) (2) Polar transform and Feature extraction using Discrete Fourier(More)