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Immunocytochemistry was used to study the expressions of glutamate receptor subunit proteins for NMDAR2A/B, NMDAR1 splice variants, and AMPA Glu-R2/3 in human brain resected for intractable epilepsy associated with cortical dysplasia. NMDAR2A/B intensely labeled dysplastic neurons showing staining in both the cell bodies and dendritic profiles. However,(More)
In human hippocampal epilepsy, there is a consistent pathology of cell loss and reactive synaptic reorganization of 'excitatory' mossy fibers (MF) into the inner molecular layer (IML) of the fascia dentata (FD). In this study, neo-Timm's histochemistry of MFs and immunocytochemistry of GluR1 were used to determine, in patients with or without hippocampal(More)
We now know that fibroblast growth factor-1 (FGF1) transcription is controlled by at least four distinct promoters in a tissue-specific manner. Thus, promoter 1.A is active in the kidney, 1.B in the brain, and 1.C and 1.D in a variety of cultured cells including vascular smooth muscle cells. These promoters are separated from each other by up to 70 kbp.(More)
Gene expression can be manipulated by the introduction of a hybrid gene formed by linking a highly tissue-specific regulatory element to a gene whose expression might be expected to alter cellular function. Previously, we have shown that the human FGF1 gene contains four distinct tissue-specific promoters. In an effort to perturb the programming of(More)
Four distinct promoters (1A, 1B, 1C, and 1D) of fibroblast growth factor 1 (FGF1), spaced up to 70 kilobase pairs apart, direct the expression of alternatively spliced transcript variants (FGF1.A, -1. B, -1.C, and -1.D) that encode FGF1. These FGF1 transcripts can be detected in cultured cells as well as in normal and diseased tissues. These transcripts are(More)
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