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BACKGROUND AND AIMS Assessing the presence and degree of intestinal inflammation objectively, simply, and reliably is a significant problem in gastroenterology. We assessed faecal excretion of calprotectin, a stable neutrophil specific marker, as an index of intestinal inflammation and its potential use as a screening test to discriminate between patients(More)
Twelve patients with primary hypogammaglobulinaemia with diarrhoea not associated with known microbial pathogens were investigated. Histological evidence of inflammation was common in the stomach and jejunum. Moreover, eight of 10 patients undergoing colonoscopy had low grade 'microscopic colitis' with raised intraepithelial lymphocytes and an intact crypt(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was done to compare costs, operating and recovery times, safety, and patient acceptance between (a) minimally invasive laparoscopic tubal ligation under sedation and local anesthesia and (b) conventional laparoscopic operating-room-based tubal ligations under general anesthesia. METHODS Fourteen women desiring sterilization were(More)
This study examines whether treatment of acute Crohn's disease with an elemental diet improves intestinal integrity and inflammation as assessed by a 51Cr-labeled ethylenediaminetetraacetatic acid (EDTA) permeability test and the fecal excretion of 111In-labeled autologous leukocytes, respectively. Thirty-four patients with active Crohn's disease completed(More)
Four patients with Crohn's disease were treated with an elemental diet during pregnancy. Two had active disease and two also had symptoms of small intestinal obstruction. All went into a clinical remission within a few days of starting treatment. Treatment periods varied from two to four weeks, and were followed by elemental diet as a supplement to normal(More)
The immediate and longterm outcome of treating patients with acute Crohn's disease with an elemental diet was studied retrospectively. Successful diet induced remission was achieved in 96 of 113 patients (85%) regardless of age, sex, site or severity of disease, or associated complications of strictures, fistula, or perianal disease. Treatment was(More)
AIM To examine the success and complication rates of radiological placement of post-pyloric feeding tubes, including those inserted with the assistance of a guide-wire. MATERIALS AND METHODS Two hundred referrals (156 patients), between the dates of 5 April 2002 and 10 September 2004, were identified retrospectively from computerized records.(More)
BACKGROUND The precise site of intestinal permeability changes in patients with coeliac and inflammatory bowel disease is unknown. AIMS To design a non-invasive technique for the localisation of altered gastrointestinal permeability to 51chromium labelled EDTA (51CrEDTA). The method depends on comparing and defining concentration/time profiles in serum of(More)