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Tumor-associated macrophage (TAM)-related chronic inflammation and interleukin-6 (IL-6) contribute to the progression of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). In this study, we characterized TAMs and IL-6 expression in 212 biopsied NPC and 119 non-tumor nasopharyngeal epithelium (NPE) tissues by tissue array. In comparison with that in the NPE tissues, more TAM(More)
Prostaglandin endoperoxide H synthases and their arachidonate products have been implicated in modulating angiogenesis during tumor growth and chronic inflammation. Here we report the involvement of thromboxane A(2), a downstream metabolite of prostaglandin H synthase, in angiogenesis. A TXA(2) mimetic, U46619, stimulated endothelial cell migration.(More)
The platelet isoform of 12-lipoxygenase (12-LOX) is expressed in a variety of human tumors. 12-LOX metabolizes arachidonic acid to 12(S)-hydroxyeicosateraenoic acid (12(S)-HETE), which induces a number of cellular responses associated with tumor progression and metastasis. Little is known about 12-LOX regulation and no direct regulators of 12-LOX activity(More)
The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway plays a pivotal role in intracellular signaling, and this cascade may impinge on cAMP response elements (CREs) of target genes. Both the MAPK pathway and chromogranin A expression may be activated by cytosolic calcium influx, and calcium-dependent signals map onto the chromogranin A promoter proximal CRE.(More)
12(S)-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (12(S)-HETE), a 12-lipoxygenase metabolite of arachidonic acid, has multiple effects on tumor and endothelial cells, including stimulation of invasion and angiogenesis. However, the signaling mechanisms controlling these physiological processes are poorly understood. In a human epidermoid carcinoma cell line (i.e. A431),(More)
Silicon chips with immobilized target DNAs were used for accurate genotyping by mass spectrometry. Genomic DNAs were amplified with PCR, and the amplified products were covalently attached to chip wells via N-succinimidyl (4-iodoacetyl)aminobenzoate (SIAB) chemistry. Primer annealing, extension, and termination were performed on a 1-microl scale directly in(More)
Previously, we found a positive correlation between the expression of platelet-type 12-lipoxygenase (12-LOX) and the progression of human prostate adenocarcinoma (PCa; Gao et al., Urology, 46: 227-237, 1995). To determine the role of 12-LOX in PCa progression, we generated stable 12-LOX-transfected PC3 cells, which synthesize high levels of 12-LOX protein(More)
Angiogenesis, the formation of new capillaries from preexisting blood vessels, is a multistep, highly orchestrated process involving vessel sprouting, endothelial cell migration, proliferation, tube differentiation, and survival. Eicosanoids, arachidonic acid (AA)-derived metabolites, have potent biologic activities on vascular endothelial cells.(More)
Cancer cells recruit monocytes, macrophages and other inflammatory cells by producing abundant chemoattractants and growth factors, such as macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF/CSF-1) and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1/CCL2), to promote tumor growth and dissemination. An understanding of the mechanisms that target cancer cells and regulate(More)