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AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), a heterotrimeric serine/threonine kinase, is activated by conditions leading to an increase of the intracellular AMP:ATP ratio. However, how AMPK is regulated under the oxidative stress is completely unknown. In the present study, we examined effects of the oxidative agent H(2)O(2) on AMPK. AMPK was transiently and(More)
To understand molecular genetic characteristics of Korean pigs, the genetic relationships of nine pig breeds including two Korean pigs (Korean native pig and Korean wild pig), three Chinese pigs (Min pig, Xiang pig, and Wuzhishan pig), and four European breeds (Berkshire, Duroc, Landrace, and Yorkshire) were characterized from a 16-microsatellite loci(More)
Excessive production of hydroxyl radicals in blood and liver has previously been demonstrated by us in rats with obstructive jaundice induced by common bile duct ligation (CBDL). In this study, we demonstrate overproduction of superoxide radicals in circulating blood of CBDL rats by the lucigenin-amplified chemiluminescence technique. To pinpoint the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Despite continuous improvement in image modalities, availability of potent antibiotics and advancement in the knowledge and treatment of pyogenic liver abscess, mortality remains high. The high mortality rate has underlined the important role of prognostic factors and prompts a number of studies to identify the risk factors. The present(More)
Tectorigenin and kaikasaponin III from the flowers of Pueraria thunbergiana showed potent hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects in the streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Intraperitoneal administration of these two compounds with 5 and 10 mg/kg, respectively, for seven days to streptozotocin-induced rats significantly reduced the blood glucose, total(More)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator-1A (encoded by PPARGC1A) is involved in the formation of type I fibres. Therefore, the PPARGC1A gene can be considered as a functional candidate gene for muscle fibre type composition and meat quality in pigs. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations of the p.C430S polymorphic(More)
Background:Lymph node metastasis is one of the most important adverse prognostic factors for pancreatic cancer. The aim of this study was to identify novel lymphatic metastasis-associated markers and therapeutic targets for pancreatic cancer.Methods:DNA microarray study was carried out to identify genes differentially expressed between 17 pancreatic cancer(More)
Costunolide is an active compound isolated from the root of Saussurea lappa Clarks, a Chinese medicinal herb, and is considered a therapeutic candidate for various types of cancers. Nevertheless, the pharmacological pathways of costunolide are still unknown. In this study, we investigate the effects of costunolide on the induction of apoptosis in HL-60(More)
Enzymatically modified soybean oil with caprylic acid (SL), a physical mixture of tricaprylin and soybean oil (PHY), and soybean oil as control were fed (20% of diet weight) to female obese Zucker rats. Both lipids (SL and PHY) have similar total fatty acid composition containing 23.4 mol % caprylic acid (C8:0) but have different lipid structures. After 21(More)