K. T. Farrow

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VIDEO ABSTRACT Gradual changes in the sensory environment can lead to abrupt changes in brain computations and perception. However, mechanistic understanding of the mediating microcircuits is missing. By sliding through light levels from starlight to daylight, we identify retinal ganglion cell types in the mouse that abruptly and reversibly switch the(More)
Inferring the direction of image motion is a fundamental component of visual computation and essential for visually guided behavior. In the retina, the direction of image motion is computed in four cardinal directions, but it is not known at which circuit location along the flow of visual information the cardinal direction selectivity first appears. We(More)
Neurons in many species have large receptive fields that are selective for specific optic flow fields. Here, we studied the neural mechanisms underlying flow field selectivity in lobula plate tangential cells (LPTCs) of the blowfly. Among these cells, the H2 cell responds preferentially to visual stimuli approximating rotational optic flow. Through double(More)
In the blowfly, the direction-selective response of the 60 lobula-plate tangential cells has been ascribed to the integration of local motion information across their extensive dendritic trees. Because the lobula plate is organized retinotopically, the receptive fields of the tangential cells ought to be determined by their dendritic architecture. However,(More)
In order to understand how retinal circuits encode visual scenes, the neural activity of defined populations of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) has to be investigated. Here we report on a method for stimulating, detecting, and subsequently targeting defined populations of RGCs. The possibility to select a distinct population of RGCs for extracellular(More)
Vertebrate vision relies on two types of photoreceptors, rods and cones, which signal increments in light intensity with graded hyperpolarizations. Rods operate in the lower range of light intensities while cones operate at brighter intensities. The receptive fields of both photoreceptors exhibit antagonistic center-surround organization. Here we show that(More)
Flies rely heavily on visual motion cues for course control. This is mediated by a small set of motion-sensitive neurons called lobula plate tangential cells. A single class of these, the centrifugal horizontal (CH) neurons, play an important role in two pathways: figure-ground discrimination and flow-field selectivity. As was recently found, the dendrites(More)
Anatomy predicts that mammalian retinas should have in excess of 12 physiological channels, each encoding a specific aspect of the visual scene. Although several channels have been correlated with morphological cell types, the number of morphological types generally exceeds the known physiological types. Here, we attempted to sort the ganglion cells of the(More)
The outer segments of cones serve as light detectors for daylight color vision, and their dysfunction leads to human blindness conditions. We show that the cone-specific disruption of DGCR8 in adult mice led to the loss of miRNAs and the loss of outer segments, resulting in photoreceptors with significantly reduced light responses. However, the number of(More)