K. Tárnoky

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Histamine (H) levels have been reported during various types of shock, but there is a paucity of such data during hemorrhagic shock. The present study demonstrates a rapid, severalfold increase of radioenzymatically measured plasma H in conscious and anesthetized dogs subjected to experimental hemorrhagic shock. Shock was elicited by bleeding to a mean(More)
Cardiac tamponade was induced in dogs by the infusion of saline into the pericardial cavity. The mean arterial pressure dropped to approximately one-third and the cardiac output to one-fourth of the control level. This was accompanied by the release of vasoactive humoral mediators. Among the vasoconstrictor mediators measured in the plasma, the greatest(More)
Studies were carried out to demonstrate the effect of sodium pentobarbital and morphine-pentobarbital anaesthesia on the haemodynamic and sympathoadrenal responses of dogs in haemorrhagic shock. The results were compared to those of conscious dogs and of dogs receiving only morphine. The reactivity of the cardiovascular system to exogenous adrenaline was(More)
Plasma catecholamine concentrations were compared in a group of postoperative "paralytic" ileus patients and in another group of patients, who had undergone medium-size abdominal operations followed by uneventful recovery. The plasma epinephrine level was significantly in the former group, whereas no such difference was observed in the norepinephrine(More)
The importance of change transfer reaction involving endotoxins of bacteria and interactions between endotoxin-induced tumor necrosis factor (TNF) were investigated both in vitro and in vivo in the presence of several phenothiazines. Complex formation between endotoxins and ring-substituted phenothiazines, benzodiazepines, amantadine and promethazine was(More)
Changes of plasma catecholamine levels, dopamine-beta-hydroxylase (DBH) activity and survival were studied in pentobarbital anaesthetized dogs during haemorrhagic hypotension. Shock was elicited by bleeding the animals to a mean arterial pressure of 4 kPa. This pressure was maintained until 15% of the maximum bleeding volume had been taken up spontaneously,(More)
A hyperdynamic sepsis model was developed in dogs. It is based on a 3-hour clamping of the arteries supplying the middle portion of the jejunum. The ensuing sepsis has a course of several days, during which the animals were studied in the conscious state. 2/3 of the animals developed a sustained 32-108 per cent increase in cardiac output, and survived 7(More)