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The hypothesis was tested that polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL) from patients with gram-negative bacteremia are primed to produce leukotriene B4 (LTB4) or 5-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (5-HETE), in response to concentrations of calcium ionophore A23187, which are substimulatory for control PMNL. PMNL from 11 bacteremic patients and 8 healthy subjects(More)
Evidence for transcellular bacterial metabolism of phagocyte-derived arachidonic acid was sought by exposing human blood polymorphonuclear leukocytes, prelabelled with [3H]arachidonic acid, to opsonized, stationary-phase Pseudomonas aeruginosa (bacteria-to-phagocyte ratio of 50:1) for 90 min at 37 degrees C. Control leukocytes were stimulated with the(More)
Human pus samples from various sites, including soft tissue and pleural cavity, as well as sputum from patients with cystic fibrosis have been analyzed by 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and found to generate high resolution spectra. Assignments have been made for neutral lipid, amino acids, taurine, and lactate. Human peripheral blood(More)
Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy has been used to monitor the effect of GMP-140 on the stimulation of human peripheral blood neutrophils. Stimulation of neutrophils by lipopolysaccharide gives rise to a high resolution lipid spectrum from the intact cells. Fluid phase GMP-140, which prevents adhesion and development of inflammatory responses of(More)
Stimulation of human peripheral blood neutrophils with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), arachidonic acid (AA) and oleic acid (OA) resulted in significant increases in cytoplasmic lipid droplets. This phenomenon was also observed in enucleated and degranulated cytoplasts prepared from neutrophils stimulated with LPS. In contrast, only LPS and high concentrations of(More)
Triacylglycerols in human neutrophils exposed to proinflammatory stimuli generate a high-resolution proton magnetic resonance (1H MR) spectrum. Lipid cross-peak F volumes in neutrophils from patients with inflammatory conditions were measured. Values in patients hospitalized with localized infections (14.4 +/- 9.0; mean +/- SD) or bacteremia (19.3 +/- 9.7)(More)
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