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In this study, two isolates of infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) from field outbreaks in 2008 (India/LKW/56/IVRI/08) and 2010 (India/NMK/72/IVRI/10) from broiler chickens in India were isolated and characterized. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism of the entire S1 gene revealed that these isolates belong(More)
The pure SVD based watermarking scheme does not have high data payload and high security. In this paper, we proposed a new robust multi image-watermarking scheme based on Framelet and SVD. It mainly addresses the multi-user problem in digital rights management. Framelet transform (first level) is applied to the gray scale cover image resulting in(More)
Human infections with non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) serovars are increasingly becoming a threat to human health globally. While all motile Salmonellae have zoonotic potential, Salmonella Enteritidis and Salmonella Typhimurium are most commonly associated with human disease, for which poultry are a major source. Despite the increasing number of human NTS(More)
Newcastle disease vaccines hitherto in vogue are produced from embryonated chicken eggs. Egg-adapted mesogenic vaccines possess several drawbacks such as paralysis and mortality in 2-week-old chicks and reduced egg production in the egg-laying flock. Owing to these possible drawbacks, we attempted to reduce the vaccine virulence for safe vaccination by(More)
AIM To report the successful recovery of few dairy cattle from botulism in response to a modified therapeutic strategy. MATERIALS AND METHODS Seventy four naturally-occurring clinical cases of bovine botulism encountered during the period of 2012-2014 which were confirmed by mouse lethality test became material for this study. Affected animals were made(More)
Robustness, Security, Imperceptibility and Data payload are the most important attributes that should be satisfied by a watermarking algorithm. A watermarking algorithm cannot satisfy all the required attributes for all applications. Best watermarking algorithms are chose, depending upon the application. Moreover, there is always a tradeoff between security(More)
AIM To study the effect of Newcastle disease (ND) oral pellet vaccine in egg production and egg quality in desi chicken. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was conducted at Veterinary University Training and Research Centre, Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu. A total of 48-day-old desi chicks obtained from a private hatchery in Namakkal, Tamil Nadu, were maintained(More)
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