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We recently identified a novel gene, termed klotho (kl) that is involved in the development of a syndrome in mice resembling human aging. A defect of the kl gene expression in mice leads to multiple disorders including arteriosclerosis, osteoporosis, ectopic calcification, and skin atrophy together with short life-span and infertility. Patients with chronic(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the long-term results of balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (B-RTO) for the treatment of gastric varices (GV) and hepatic encephalopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 43 patients who had undergone B-RTO were evaluated, 32 with GV, two with hepatic encephalopathy, and nine with both. All but one had been(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the anatomic and clinical relationship between the lenticulostriate artery (LSA) territory and the corticospinal tract (CST) in patients with acute infarcts in this territory using MR tractography. METHODS Thirteen consecutive patients who presented with acute infarcts in the LSA territory and who also had undergone an MRI study(More)
A reaction between enzyme renin and its only natural substrate angiotensinogen is the initial and rate-limiting step for producing a potent vasoconstrictor angiotensin II as the final product of the renin-angiotensin system, a contributory factor in the pathogenesis of hypertension. In order to assess the role of the interaction of human renin with human(More)
We previously reported a conserved haplotype of HLA B52-DR2 and a significantly high frequency of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I chain-related gene A (MICA) transmembrane-short tandem repeat (TM-STR) 6 allele in Japanese patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). To examine the predominance of the MICA TM-STR 6 allele as a marker of the(More)
Lysozymes were purified from three invertebrates: a marine bivalve, a marine conch, and an earthworm. The purified lysozymes all showed a similar molecular weight of 13 kDa on SDS/PAGE. Their N-terminal sequences up to the 33rd residue determined here were apparently homologous among them; in addition, they had a homology with a partial sequence of a(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the accuracy of a quantitative method for estimating arterial hepatic blood flow and portal hepatic blood flow separately using a dual-input single-compartment model compared with the maximum slope method using computer simulations and clinical data. In computer simulations, the rate constants for the transfer of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The molecular status of the p16(INK4) tumor-suppressor gene has not been fully elucidated in hepatocellular carcinoma. The aim of this study was to clarify the mechanism that gives rise to inactivation of p16(INK4) in hepatocellular carcinoma. METHODS The status of p16(INK4) was evaluated in 60 hepatocellular carcinomas by(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Arterial spin-labeling is an emerging technique for noninvasive measurement of cerebral perfusion, but concerns remain regarding the reliability of CBF quantification and clinical applications. Recently, an ASL implementation called QUASAR was proposed, and it was shown to have good reproducibility of CBF assessment in healthy(More)
OBJECTIVE Various types of malignancy can develop in patients with endometriosis. Enhancing mural nodules have been reported as an imaging characteristic of malignant transformations. We evaluated contrast-enhanced MR imaging to determine the optimum sequence to reveal mural nodules and other characteristics of malignant transformations. MATERIALS AND(More)