K. Sridhar Rao

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We have shown that nanoparticles (NPs) conjugated to trans-activating transcriptor (TAT) peptide bypass the efflux action of P-glycoprotein and increase the transport of the encapsulated ritonavir, a protease inhibitor (PI), across the blood-brain-barrier (BBB) to the central nervous system (CNS). A steady increase in the drug parenchyma/capillary ratio(More)
A semi-nested polymerase chain reaction (snPCR) was developed to improve the sensitivity of detection of Acanthamoeba sp. genome from corneal scrapings of Acanthamoeba keratitis patients. The snPCR was developed using a laboratory designed inner forward primer targeting the 450-bp product of the 18s rRNA-gene-based PCR. The snPCR was optimized using 11(More)
A reverse microemulsion synthesis was used to prepare amine-functionalized silica nanoparticles of three distinct sizes (i.e., 50, 100, and 200 nm) with similar amine content. The resulting hybrid nanoparticles, consisting of N-(6-aminohexyl)aminopropyltrimethoxysilane and tetraethoxysilane, were highly monodisperse in size. N-Diazeniumdiolate nitric oxide(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 targets mononuclear phagocytes (MP), which disseminate infection to organs such as brain, spleen and lymph. Thus MP, which include microglia, tissue macrophages and infiltrating monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM), are important target of anti-HIV-1 drug therapy. Most of the currently used antiretroviral drugs are(More)
The development of antiretroviral drugs over the past couple of decades has been commendable owing to the identification of several new targets within the overall HIV replication cycle. However, complete control over HIV/AIDS is yet to be achieved. This is because the current anti-HIV drugs, although effective in reducing plasma viral levels, cannot(More)
The synergistic activity between nitric oxide (NO) released from diazeniumdiolate-modified proline (PROLI/NO) and silver(I) sulfadiazine (AgSD) was evaluated against Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecalis, Proteus mirabilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis using a modified broth microdilution technique and a(More)
The synthesis of diverse nitric oxide (NO)-releasing network polyesters is described. The melt phase condensation of polyols with a calculated excess of diacid followed by thermal curing generates cross-linked polyesters containing acid end groups. Varying the composition and curing temperatures of the polyesters resulted in materials with tunable thermal(More)
The aim of the study was to test the hypothesis that the biophysical interactions of the trans-activating transcriptor (TAT) peptide-conjugated nanoparticles (NPs) with a model cell membrane could predict the cellular uptake of the encapsulated therapeutic agent. To test the above hypothesis, the biophysical interactions of ritonavir-loaded poly(l-lactide)(More)
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