K Sigfrid Yngvesson

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In this paper, we first review general quantum mechanical limits on the sensitivity of heterodyne receivers. The main aim of the paper is to explore the quantum-noise (QN) properties of hot electron bolometric (HEB) mixers. HEB mixers have a characteristic feature not found in other mixers: based on the "hot-spot" model, the conversion loss varies along the(More)
We present measurement results for a new type of integrated terahertz receiver, as an extension to previous work by the authors. The receiver we developed integrates quasi-optically coupled phonon-cooled NbN hot electron bolometric (HEB) mixers in close proximity with InP monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC) intermediate-frequency (IF) amplifiers.(More)
We report on the development and characterization of a passive heterodyne hot electron bolometer (HEB) imager operating at 850 GHz. HEB detectors provide unprecedented sensitivity and spectral resolution at terahertz frequencies covering the frequency range of 0.5-5 THz. Terahertz imagers based on HEB technology have sufficient sensitivity to operate in a(More)
This paper presents a detailed study of the IF properties of phonon-cooled NbN hot electron bolometer (HEB) terahertz mixers and receivers, performed over the widest intermediate frequency range reported so far. First, a broadband technique is used to obtain the IF small-signal output impedance of HEB mixers using network analyzer measurements. The(More)
While microwave enhancement of chemical syntheses has been demonstrated for a broad variety of chemical reactions, there is no accepted universal mechanism. Is the enhancement due to more efficient heating, to overheating, to nonuniform heating, or to nonthermal effects? Analyses are complicated due to the often significant spatial and temporal temperature(More)
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