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Changes of neuronal excitability and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABAA)-receptor expression were studied in the surround of photothrombotic infarcts, which were produced in the sensorimotor cortex of the rat by using the rose bengal technique. In a first series of experiments, multiunit recordings were performed on anesthetized animals 2-3 mm lateral from the(More)
Focal brain lesions may lead to neuronal dysfunctions in remote (exofocal) brain regions. In the present study, focal lesions were induced in the hindlimb representation area of the parietal cerebral cortex in rats using the technique of photothrombosis. Photothrombosis occurs after illumination of the brain through the intact skull following intravenous(More)
Transient and permanent focal cerebral ischemia results in a series of typical pathophysiologic events. These consequences evolve in time and space and are not limited to the lesion itself, but they can be observed in perilesional (penumbra) and widespread ipsi- and sometimes contralateral remote areas (diaschisis). The extent of these areas is variable(More)
Following focal brain lesions, complex adaptive processes take place in remote intact areas. The present study examines changes in NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate), AMPA ((+/-)-alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid) and kainate receptors following focal photothrombotic ischemic lesions using quantitative receptor autoradiography. Increases in(More)
This study investigated astroglial responses after focal cerebral ischemia in the rat cortex induced by photothrombosis. Astrocyte activation was studied at various time points by immunocytochemistry for glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and vimentin (VIM). We found a dual astrocytic response to focal ischemia: In the border zone of the infarct,(More)
Experimental cortical photothrombosis leads to pronounced alterations in the binding density of [3H]muscimol and [3H]baclofen to GABA(A) and GABA(B) receptors, both in the lesioned and the structurally intact cortex. The binding density of [3H]muscimol to GABA(A) receptors was markedly increased in the "core" of the lesion during the first week, reaching a(More)
It has been shown that cortical lesions are associated with an increase of excitability in surrounding brain regions, and with a downregulation of GABA(A) receptors. In the present study we investigated whether this increased excitability affects the cortical map of inputs represented in areas surrounding the lesioned brain area. Focal lesions with a(More)
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is an essential enzyme for prostaglandin synthesis from arachidonic acid, during which considerable amounts of superoxide are produced. During pathological conditions, superoxide and nitric oxide (NO) rapidly form peroxynitrite, a potent cytotoxin, causing symptoms referred to as oxidative stress response. Superoxide is controlled(More)
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