K. Savolainen

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The aim of this study was to estimate occupational exposure to inhalable wood dust by country, industry, the level of exposure and type of wood dust in 25 member states of the European Union (EU-25) for the purposes of hazard control, exposure surveillance and assessment of health risks. National labour force statistics, a country questionnaire (in 15(More)
The in-vitro genotoxicity of nanosized TiO(2) rutile and anatase was assessed in comparison with fine TiO(2) rutile in human bronchial epithelial BEAS 2B cells using the single-cell gel electrophoresis (comet) assay and the cytokinesis-block micronucleus test. BEAS 2B cells were exposed to eight doses (1-100 microg/cm(2)) of titanium(IV) oxide nanosized(More)
The importance of nanotechnologies and engineered nanoparticles has grown rapidly. It is therefore crucial to acquire up-to-date knowledge of the possible harmful health effects of these materials. Since a multitude of different types of nanosized titanium dioxide (TiO(2)) particles are used in industry, we explored their inflammatory potential using mouse(More)
Note: The following text was prepared in response to the present discussion regarding the European Commission’s recommendations on the so called ‘‘endocrine disrupting chemicals’’ and is supported by the editors and associate editors of Toxicology in Vitro, Bas Blaauboer, Frank Barile, Daniel Acosta Jr, Billy Day and Kerstin Stemmer. It also refers to a(More)
The role of extracellular calcium in glutamate-induced oxidative stress, and the role of glutamatergic neuronal stimulation and oxidative stress in lead neurotoxicity were explored in mouse hypothalamic GT1-7 cells. Glutamate increased the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) whether or not extracellular calcium was present. Glutamate-induced ROS(More)
The pls gene, coding for a large surface protein of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, was cloned from a strain which adheres poorly to several mammalian proteins. The structure of pls revealed three distinct repeat regions, one of which was a serine-aspartate repeat characteristic of the Clf-Sdr family of surface proteins in staphylococci. The(More)
Lead markedly amplified L-glutamate-induced oxidative stress, that is, increased L-glutamate-induced production of reactive oxygen species, decreased cellular glutathione, and induced cytotoxicity in human neuroblastoma cells. It was notable that oxidative burst induced by L-glutamate alone was observed only when neuronal glutathione was depleted. A role of(More)
Despite the increasing industrial use of different nanomaterials, data on their genotoxicity are scant. In the present study, we examined the potential genotoxic effects of carbon nanotubes (CNTs; >50% single-walled, approximately 40% other CNTs; 1.1 nm x 0.5-100 microm; Sigma-Aldrich) and graphite nanofibres (GNFs; 95%; outer diameter 80-200 nm, inner(More)
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are widely utilized in various consumer products and medical devices, especially due to their antimicrobial properties. However, several studies have associated these particles with toxic effects, such as inflammation and oxidative stress in vivo and cytotoxic and genotoxic effects in vitro. Here, we assessed the genotoxic(More)
Carbon nanomaterials (CNM) are targets of great interest because they have multiple applications in industry but also because of the fear of possible harmful heath effects of certain types of CNM. The high aspect ratio of carbon nanotubes (CNT), a feature they share with asbestos, is likely the key factor for reported toxicity of certain CNT. However, the(More)