K. S. Raevskii

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Nitric oxide (NO) is highly reactive signal molecule that is widely distributed in the body, and in the mammalian brain in particular. The agent is a gaseous chemical messenger that acts as a universal modulator of a diversity of physiological functions, such as interneuronal communications, synaptic plasticity, memory formation, receptor functions,(More)
Degeneration of dopaminergic (DAergic) neurons of the nigrostriatal system is the key stage in the pathogenesis of Parkinson’s disease. The fi rst symptoms of this disease are observed after degeneration of 70-80% neurons, which occurs over 20–30 years. The clinical stage of Parkinson’s disease begins after this period. Late diagnostics of Parkinson’s(More)
It has been established that in well-trained rats sydnocarb (mesocarb) does not exert a considerable effect on the generation of conditioned reflex of passive avoidance (CRPA). On the contrary, in poorly-trained animals sydnocarb significantly improves CRPA indexes at all three stages of its generation. Sydnocarb proved most effective, when injected before(More)
An experimental and clinico-pharmacological study of sodium valproate, a GABA-ergic drug, was conducted to elucidate the role of gamma-aminobutyric acid in the mechanisms responsible for affective disturbances, in particular for anxiety. A tranquilizing effect of the drug, comparable with the action of diazepam, was established in a conflict situation model(More)
The dopaminergic systems of the brain are thought to play a major role in the regulation of motor, cognitive, neuroendocrine functions and in the pathogenesis of several pathological conditions, including neurodegenerative diseases, affective disorders, schizophrenia, drug addiction, etc. Functional, biochemical, and pharmacological heterogeneity of(More)
Amitriptyline, imipramine, desipramine, viloxazine, moclobemide and its derivative, novel antidepressant befol (10(-6)-5 x 10(-4) M) decreased by 12-20% K(+)-stimulated 3H-D-asp release from perfused synaptosomes of rat brain cortex. Glutamic acid diethyl ester (GDEE) (10(-4) M) antagonized the effect of amitriptyline, imipramine, desipramine and befol and(More)
The effects of pharmacological modulation of striatal dopaminergic neurotransmission were studied in freely mobile rats by intracerebral microdialysis and HPLC to assay dopamine and dopamine metabolite levels and the rate of dopamine synthesis, in combination with observations of stereotypical behavior. Inhibition of catechol O-methyltransferase (COMT) with(More)
In vivo brain functions analysis was conducted to assess the effect of tolcapone, a novel catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitor on extracellular levels of dopamine (DA) and its metabolites dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA) in the striatum of awake, freely moving eats during GBR 12909-induced blockade of DA uptake.(More)
the number of rotations vis-a-vis the control was the same as that induced by 5-MeODMT. This is probably connected with a partial agonism of buspirone to the 5-HT1A receptors, because buspirone is known to diminish the serotonmergic syndrome caused by 8-ox3,2-(di-n-propylammo)-tetraline (a selective agonist of 5HTtA receptors) [8]. A blocker of the D 2(More)
The kinetics of inhibitory effect of nipecotic acid on two different types of 3H-GABA uptake (apparent uptake by intake and net-uptake by predepolarized synaptosomes) was studied. Nipecotic acid was shown to inhibit the net-uptake of 3H-GABA by competitive route. It is concluded that analysis of inhibitory, action of a substance and of its kinetics should(More)