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Streptococcus mutans strain IB-1600 was cultivated in Todd-Hewitt broth (THB) or THB supplemented with sucrose (S). Cell mass obtained from THB exhibited a high cell density and negligible glucan-rich extracellular matrix material (EMM), whereas cell mass from 2% S-supplemented THB exhibited widely-spaced cells separated by EMM. The pH-lowering potential of(More)
Secretory granule ultrastructure of teleost inner dental epithelial (IDE) cells has been reported to be similar to procollagen granules of other cells synthesizing collagen. This study describes the ultrastructure of secretory products in odontogenic cells during enameloid matrix formation in cichlids after inhibition of granule secretion with colchicine.(More)
Secretory-stage inner dental epithelial cells (IDE) of tooth buds deposited an unmineralized, ectodermally-derived, enameloid collagen matrix. Pharyngeal plates bearing tooth buds were fixed: some were demineralized, others treated with guanidine-EDTA, then fixed and post-fixed in osmium tetroxide with potassium ferricyanide. Thin Epon sections were viewed(More)
Campylobacter-like organisms (CLO) were isolated from gastric lesions in 1 ferret and gastric mucosa of 2 healthy ferrets. The organism was not isolated from biopsies of gastric mucosa of 14 other healthy ferrets, 1 of which had small gastric lesions located at the pylorus. Lesions from which CLO were isolated were located in the antrum of 1 ferret and were(More)
The organic content of mineralized tissues has been found to decrease with increasing tissue density, from about 60% of the mineral weight in light bone like deer antler to 1 to 2% in hyperdense bone like porpoise petrosal. The ratio of the weight of mineral that can fill the collagen hole zones to the total mineral content can be no greater than 20% for(More)
The ultrastructure of the inner dental epithelial cells (IDE) and odontoblasts in elasmobranch (Raja erinacae) tooth buds was investigated by transmission electron microscopy to determine what contribution each cell type makes to the forming enameloid matrix. Row II, early stage, IDE cells contained few organelles associated with protein synthesis, whereas(More)
Ultrastructural alterations induced by colchicine were investigated to determine the secretory activities of odontogenic cells during formation of tooth enameloid matrix in skates. Treated skate inner dental epithelial (IDE) cells did not display dilated cisternae of the granular endoplasmic reticulum (GER) nor accumulate Golgi-associated secretory granules(More)
Forming teeth of parrotfish and pufferfish were viewed by transmission electron microscopy to correlate cytological features of the enameloid organ with the species' fluoride (F) content in mature enameloid. Secretory-stage inner dental epithelial cells (IDE) of parrotfish (high F) and pufferfish (low F) secreted procollagen granules into the enameloid(More)
In order to determine whether exogenous materials permeate to the forming tooth enameloid matrix, teleost species were injected intramuscularly with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) or myoglobin, or; intracardially with lanthanum nitrate or HRP, then killed a predetermined intervals post-injection. Tooth bearing bones were processed for transmission electron(More)
Profound diarrhea associated with proliferating intestinal cells containing intraepithelial campylobacter-like organisms (ICLO) occurs in a variety of mammalian hosts, particularly swine and hamsters. Recently, intracellular bacteria were isolated from proliferative intestinal tissue of hamsters and propagated in intestine cell line 407. Oral inoculation of(More)