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Transmission electron micrographs of fully mineralized turkey leg tendon in cross-section show the ultrastructure to be more complex than has been previously described. The mineral is divided into two regions. Needlelike-appearing crystallites fill the extrafibrillar volume whereas only platelike crystallites are found within the fibrils. When the specimen(More)
Streptococcus mutans strain IB-1600 was cultivated in Todd-Hewitt broth (THB) or THB supplemented with sucrose (S). Cell mass obtained from THB exhibited a high cell density and negligible glucan-rich extracellular matrix material (EMM), whereas cell mass from 2% S-supplemented THB exhibited widely-spaced cells separated by EMM. The pH-lowering potential of(More)
Secretory-stage inner dental epithelial cells (IDE) of tooth buds deposited an unmineralized, ectodermally-derived, enameloid collagen matrix. Pharyngeal plates bearing tooth buds were fixed: some were demineralized, others treated with guanidine-EDTA, then fixed and post-fixed in osmium tetroxide with potassium ferricyanide. Thin Epon sections were viewed(More)
Forming teeth of parrotfish and pufferfish were viewed by transmission electron microscopy to correlate cytological features of the enameloid organ with the species' fluoride (F) content in mature enameloid. Secretory-stage inner dental epithelial cells (IDE) of parrotfish (high F) and pufferfish (low F) secreted procollagen granules into the enameloid(More)
Secretory granule ultrastructure of teleost inner dental epithelial (IDE) cells has been reported to be similar to procollagen granules of other cells synthesizing collagen. This study describes the ultrastructure of secretory products in odontogenic cells during enameloid matrix formation in cichlids after inhibition of granule secretion with colchicine.(More)
The organic content of mineralized tissues has been found to decrease with increasing tissue density, from about 60% of the mineral weight in light bone like deer antler to 1 to 2% in hyperdense bone like porpoise petrosal. The ratio of the weight of mineral that can fill the collagen hole zones to the total mineral content can be no greater than 20% for(More)
Campylobacter-like organisms (CLO) were isolated from gastric lesions in 1 ferret and gastric mucosa of 2 healthy ferrets. The organism was not isolated from biopsies of gastric mucosa of 14 other healthy ferrets, 1 of which had small gastric lesions located at the pylorus. Lesions from which CLO were isolated were located in the antrum of 1 ferret and were(More)
A technique to correlate the ultrastructural distribution of mineral with its organic material in identical sections of mineralized turkey leg tendon (MTLT) and human bone was developed. Osmium or ethanol fixed tissues were processed for transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The mineralized tissues were photographed at high, intermediate, and low(More)
The objective of this study was to determine whether cells of the secretory- and maturation-stage enamel organ of rats contain anion translocation mechanisms similar to those found in other ion-regulating epithelia. Sodium bromide (Br) was used to localize the distribution of anions in the enamel organ. Furosemide, an inhibitor of the Na-K-2Cl(More)
During a 4-month period, 31 of 156 ferrets (Mustela putorius) in a biomedical research program developed protracted diarrhea. Clinical signs were green mucohemorrhagic fecal material, partially prolapsed rectum, anorexia, body weight loss, and dehydration. Nine of the affected animals were necropsied. On gross examination, the descending colon was grossly(More)