K. S. Nijran

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Recent research has shown that some patients with schizophrenia have a severe impairment in the suppression of reflexive saccadic eye movements in the ANTI-saccade task. This saccadic distractibility has previously been found in patients with lesions of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, implicating an abnormality of prefrontal cortex. The objective of the(More)
UNLABELLED PET is an important functional imaging technique that can be used to investigate neurotransmitter receptors and transporters directly by mapping human brain function. PET is increasingly being used greatly to advance our understanding of the neurobiology and pathophysiology of schizophrenia. METHODS This review focuses on the use of PET tracers(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) offers a strategic imaging platform to provide a map of functional neural correlates associated with the underlying cognitive deficits in schizophrenia. It enables regional cerebral glucose metabolism and dopaminergic and serotonergic receptor function to be studied. PET neuroimaging can therefore be used in drug(More)
The computation of physiological factors and factor images by factor analysis in dynamic structures using the constraints of positive factors and spatial distribution of these factors (FADS), currently used by a number of research workers, is investigated. While the positivity constraints used may be quite acceptable physically, they cannot be strictly said(More)
Functional neuroimaging techniques such as single-positron emission computed tomography (SPECT) and positron emission tomography (PET) offer considerable scope for investigating disturbances of brain activity in psychiatric disorders. However, the heterogeneous nature of disorders such as schizophrenia limits the value of studies that group patients under(More)
OBJECTIVE Little is known about the effect of spontaneous reperfusion of human cerebral infarcts. Single photon emission computerised tomography (SPECT) data were analysed from a study using 99Tc(m) HMPAO (99Tc(m) hexamethylpropyleneamine oxime) in human cerebral infarction for the frequency of reperfusion and to see if it affected infarct size, oedema,(More)
BACKGROUND It is unknown whether lesions in human TB are hypoxic or whether this influences disease pathology. Human TB is characterised by extensive lung destruction driven by host matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), particularly collagenases such as matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1). METHODS We investigated tissue hypoxia in five patients with PET(More)
Schizophrenia involves dysregulation in dopaminergic transmission. Studies show heightened presynaptic striatal dopaminergic function and elevated striatal D(2)/D(3) receptor density in the brain. Cognitive impairments result from hypostimulation of D(1) receptors and are associated with dysfunction in the prefrontal cortex. Here we discuss relevant(More)
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