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Currently, no in vivo laboratory model is available for evaluating anthelmintics against the important ruminant helminth Haemonchus contortus. This report outlines a novel anthelmintic assay utilizing immunosuppressed (0.02% hydrocortisone in feed) jirds, Meriones unguiculatus, infected with H. contortus. Immunosuppressed jirds were inoculated with(More)
Four groups of 16 crossbred beef calves were used in evaluating different anthelmintic treatment schedules: group 1 was given ivermectin (IVM) at weaning only (October 31) and grazed on initially safe pasture; group 2 was given IVM at weaning, on January 28, and on April 22, and grazed on contaminated pasture; and group 3 was given IVM at weaning and on(More)
The efficacy, safety, and compatibility of fenbendazole (FBZ) and clorsulon (CLN) were tested after oral administration of label recommended and of higher (5x) dosage rates to calves naturally infected with gastrointestinal nematodes and Fasciola hepatica. Results for 42 calves allotted to 4 treatment groups indicated a similar efficacy against mature F(More)
Yearling cattle in Louisiana were examined at monthly intervals for abomasal nematode burdens and histological lesions over a year. Tracer calves were grazed for 3 to 4 weeks and removed from pasture for 2 to 3 weeks, then slaughtered; a few animals were killed in extremis shortly after removal from pasture. Histological changes were correlated with worm(More)
The epidemiology of Ostertagia ostertagi and other gastrointestinal nematodes in yearling beef cattle was examined in each of 2 successive years. During each year 50 head of newly weaned beef calves were given a single dose of thiabendazole and then placed on experimental pastures. Twenty-four of the animals were designated for monthly slaughter (n = 2) and(More)
During the course of experiments examining the changes in cell populations in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid in 3-11-wk-old guinea pigs, a marked increase in the numbers of eosinophils was observed in BAL fluid in untreated control animals from historical levels (observations made over the previous 2 yr) of 8.8 +/- 1.5% to levels greater than 16% and up(More)
Four groups of 17 crossbred beef weaners were used in an experiment which extended from 14 November 1985 to 8 October 1986 (328 days). All groups began grazing on separate, contaminated pastures at a stocking rate of 5.3 cattle ha-1 and the different treatments were: Group 1, ivermectin (IVM) injectable X 1 (200 micrograms kg-1) on 14 November only, with(More)
The tris-salt of 2-[(methoxy-carbonylamino) - [2-nitro-5-(n-propylthio) phenylimimo] methylamino] ethane sulfonic acid (MCA) was evaluated against naturally acquired gastrointestinal parasitism in cattle during spring in Louisiana to determine efficacy of the compound against inhibited early 4th-stage larvae (EL4) of Ostertagia ostertagi. Forty-three(More)